View More View Less
  • 1 Geoinstitut, Belgrade Rovinjska 12, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • 2 NIS-Naftagas Oil Company, Novi Sad Narodnog Fronta 12, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • 3 Museum of Natural Science, Belgrade Njegoseva 51, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 4 Geological Institute of Hungary, Budapest H-1143 Budapest, Stefánia út 14, Hungary
Restricted access

The sea existing till the end of Oligocene was dotted with many islands in what is today the Balkan Peninsula area. At the very beginning of the Miocene this region became dry land, the Balkan Land, which was covered through time by lake systems of variable extent. During the Lower Miocene a succession of three lake systems spread not only over the Balkan Peninsula (comprising ex-Yugoslavia, NE Macedonia, SW and SE Bulgaria, and central Greece) but also over the northern parts of the Central and some of the Western Paratethys. Lacustrine environment ended shortly after the beginning of the Middle Miocene, when waters of the epicontinental Paratethys Sea covered the Balkan Land from the north. In this paper we do not consider any of the Upper Miocene and Pliocene lakes.

  • Capoa, P. de, R. Radoič ic 2000: Geological implications of biostratigraphic results in the external and internal domains of the Central-Southern Dinarides. - Soc. Geol. Ital., 80 riun. estiva, Riassunti com. oral e poster, pp. 196-198, Trieste.

    Geological implications of biostratigraphic results in the external and internal domains of the Central-Southern Dinarides. - Soc. Geol. Ital., 80 riun. estiva, Riassunti com. oral e poster , () 196 -198.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Collective Authors 1970-1995: Geology of BGM SFRJ 1:100.000 - sheets of Voivodina; ed. Fed. Geol. Surv., pp. ca. 50 p. each, Belgrade.

    Geology of BGM SFRJ 1:100.000 - sheets of Voivodina , () 50.

  • Cvetković, V., Z. Pécskay 1999: The Early Miocene eruptive complex of Borač (Central Serbia): volcanic facies and evolution over time. - Geol. Carpathica, 50, pp. 91-93, Bratislava.

    The Early Miocene eruptive complex of Borač (Central Serbia): volcanic facies and evolution over time. - Geol. Carpathica, 50 , () 91 -93.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cvijić, J. 1924: Geomorphology I (In Serbian). - Drzav. Štamp., pp. 1-588, Belgrade.

    Geomorphology I (In Serbian). - Drzav. Štamp. , () 1 -588.

  • Vatsev, M. 2003: Oligocene and Neogene major transgressive-regressive cycles of the basins of Sredna Gora trough zone (southern Bulgaria). - Bull. Acad serbe sci. arts 125, Cl. sci. math, nat -sci. nat. 42, (in press), Beograd.

    Oligocene and Neogene major transgressive-regressive cycles of the basins of Sredna Gora trough zone (southern Bulgaria). - Bull. Acad serbe sci. arts 125, Cl. sci. math, nat -sci. nat. 42 , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Velitzelos, E., I.J. Gregor 1990: Some aspects of the Neogene Floral History in Greece. - Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 62 pp. 291-307.

    'Some aspects of the Neogene Floral History in Greece. ' () 62 Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. : 291 -307.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Witt, W. 2000: Süswasserostracoden der miocänen Vorlandmolasse Süddeutschlands. - Mitt. Bayer. Staatsslg. Paläont. hist. Geol., 40, pp. 109-151, München.

    Süswasserostracoden der miocänen Vorlandmolasse Süddeutschlands. - Mitt. Bayer. Staatsslg. Paläont. hist. Geol., 40 , () 109 -151.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Zubakov, V.A., I.I. Borzenkova 1993: Global paleoclimate of the late Cenozoic. - Developm. Paleont. Strat, 12, pp. 1-456.

    'Global paleoclimate of the late Cenozoic. ' () 12 Developm. Paleont. Strat : 1 -456.

  • Dujić, A. 1997: Neogene lacustrine deposits of the western Dinarides, their geomorphology and ecological aspects. - Proc. Field Meets in Yugosl. IGCP Proj.0 329 - Spec. publ. Geoinst. 21, pp. 83-91, Belgrade.

    Neogene lacustrine deposits of the western Dinarides, their geomorphology and ecological aspects. - Proc. Field Meets in Yugosl. IGCP Proj.0 329 - Spec. publ. Geoinst. 21 , () 83 -91.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gaudant, J. 2002: The Miocene non-marine fish-fauna of central Europe: A review. - Bull. Acad serbe sci. arts 125, Cl. sci. math, nat - sci. nat. 41, pp. 65-74, Belgrade.

    The Miocene non-marine fish-fauna of central Europe: A review. - Bull. Acad serbe sci. arts 125, Cl. sci. math, nat - sci. nat. 41 , () 65 -74.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hámor, G. (Ed.) 1989: Neogene paleogeographic atlas of Central and Eastern Europe: Map 1-7. -MÁFI, Budapest.

    Neogene paleogeographic atlas of Central and Eastern Europe: Map , () 1-7..

  • Haq, B., J. Hardenbol, P. Vail 1987: Chronology of fluctuating sea levels since the Triassic. - Science, 235, pp. 1156-1166.

    'Chronology of fluctuating sea levels since the Triassic. ' () 235 Science : 1156 -1166.

  • Jovanović, G., Z. Tomić 1997: Paleoecological and mineralogical methods in living conditions reconstruction in Badenian age at Golubac (eastern Serbia). - Ann. Geol. Penins. Balk., 61/2, pp. 371-392, Belgrade.

    Paleoecological and mineralogical methods in living conditions reconstruction in Badenian age at Golubac (eastern Serbia). - Ann. Geol. Penins. Balk., 61/2 , () 371 -392.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Karaman, G., A. Beeton (Eds) 1981: The biota and Limnology of lake Skadar. - Inst. biol. med. Univ. SRCG, Smithson inst. and center gr. lakes stud univ. Wisconsin, 468 p. Titograd.

    The biota and Limnology of lake Skadar. - Inst. biol. med. Univ. SRCG, Smithson inst. and center gr. lakes stud univ. Wisconsin , () 468.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Knežević, S. 1997: The Kruscaron;evac Tertiary basin. - Proc. Field Meets in Yugosl. IGCP Proj. 329 - Spec. publ. Geoinst., 21, pp. 99-106, Belgrade.

    The Kruscaron;evac Tertiary basin. - Proc. Field Meets in Yugosl. IGCP Proj. 329 - Spec. publ. Geoinst., 21 , () 99 -106.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Knežević, S. 1982: Lacustrine Neogene of the Levaccaron; basin (in Serbian). - Mag. Thesis, Min.-geol. fac, pp. 1-115, Belgrade.

  • Kochansky, V., T. Slišković 1978: Miocäne Kongerien von Kroatien, Bosnien und Herzegowina (in Serbo-Croat, with German summary). - Paleont. Jugosl. JAZU, 19, pp. 1-98, Zagreb.

    Miocäne Kongerien von Kroatien, Bosnien und Herzegowina (in Serbo-Croat, with German summary). - Paleont. Jugosl. JAZU, 19 , () 1 -98.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kochansky, V., T. Slišković 1980: Jüngere Miocäne Kongerien von Livanjsko, Duvanjsko und Kuprescaron;ko poljes in südwestlich Bosnien und von Hodovo in der Herzegowina (in Serbo-Croat with German summary). - Paleont. Jugosl. JAZU, 25, pp. 1-25, Zagreb.

    Jüngere Miocäne Kongerien von Livanjsko, Duvanjsko und Kuprescaron;ko poljes in südwestlich Bosnien und von Hodovo in der Herzegowina (in Serbo-Croat with German summary). - Paleont. Jugosl. JAZU, 25 , () 1 -25.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Krstić, N. 1991: Styrian orogeny effects in the Yugoslavian Carpatho-Balkanides, A contribution to the paleogeographic reconstruction of the Neogene in Eastern Serbia (in Serbian and English). - Radovi (Proc.) Geoinst., 25, pp. 21-29, Beograd.

    Styrian orogeny effects in the Yugoslavian Carpatho-Balkanides, A contribution to the paleogeographic reconstruction of the Neogene in Eastern Serbia (in Serbian and English). - Radovi (Proc.) Geoinst., 25 , () 21 -29.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Krstić, N. 2000: Some ostracodes from the Dinaric Alps Neogene and its paleoecology. - "Geology and metallogeny of the Dinarides and the Vardar Zone" (Proc. Internat. Symp.), pp. 207-217, Zvornik.

    Some ostracodes from the Dinaric Alps Neogene and its paleoecology. - "Geology and metallogeny of the Dinarides and the Vardar Zone" (Proc. Internat. Symp.) , () 207 -217.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Krstić, N. 2001: Timing of the Neogene geotectonic events in the Carpatho-Balcanidic and Dinaridic Alps with adjoining regions. - PanCarDi Abstracts, GP-2, Sopron.

    Timing of the Neogene geotectonic events in the Carpatho-Balcanidic and Dinaridic Alps with adjoining regions. - PanCarDi Abstracts, GP-2 , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Laskarev, V. 1924: Sur les équivalents du Sarmatien supérieur en Serbie. - Rec. trav. à J. Cvijic à 35 ans trav. sci., pp. 1-13, Belgrade.

    Sur les équivalents du Sarmatien supérieur en Serbie. - Rec. trav. à J. Cvijic à 35 ans trav. sci. , () 1 -13.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Marović, M., N. Krstić, S. Stanić, V. Cvetković, M. Petrović 1999: The evolution of Neogene sedimentation provinces of central Balkan peninsula. - Bull. Geoinst., 36, pp. 25-94, Beograd.

  • Mihajlović, D., N. Vasić 1995: Pranjani basin; Lacustrine and brackish Neogene of western part of Yugoslavia (Excurs guide). - IGCP project 329, pp. 12-14, Beograd.

    Pranjani basin; Lacustrine and brackish Neogene of western part of Yugoslavia (Excurs guide). - IGCP project 329 , () 12 -14.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Milaković, B., V. Milošević 1974: Nalazak i bostratigrafija kosovija (Kosovia matejici Pavl.) u slatkovodnim naslagama neogena Dragaceva. - Glasnik Prir. muz., A, 29, pp. 66-72, Beograd.

    Nalazak i bostratigrafija kosovija (Kosovia matejici Pavl.) u slatkovodnim naslagama neogena Dragaceva. - Glasnik Prir. muz., A, 29 , () 66 -72.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Milošević, V. 1982. Biostratigrafsko-paleontoloska studija neogena Metohijske kotline (in Serbian). -unpublished thesis, Library of Mining-geol. fac, Beograd.

  • Ognjanova-Rumenova, N. 2000: Lacustrine diatom flora from Neogene basins on the Balkan Peninsula: preliminary biostratigraphical data. - Orig. Early Evol. Diatoms (ed. Inst. botany), pp. 137-143, Krakow.

    Lacustrine diatom flora from Neogene basins on the Balkan Peninsula: preliminary biostratigraphical data. - Orig. Early Evol. Diatoms (ed. Inst. botany) , () 137 -143.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Prysjazhnjuk, V., V. Kovalenko, N. Krstić 2000: On the terrestrial and freshwater mollusks from Neogene of Western Serbia. - "Geology and metallogeny of the Dinarides and the Vardar Zone" (Proc. Internat. Symp.), pp. 219-224, Zvornik.

    On the terrestrial and freshwater mollusks from Neogene of Western Serbia. - "Geology and metallogeny of the Dinarides and the Vardar Zone" (Proc. Internat. Symp.) , () 219 -224.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rögl, F. 1998: Paleogeographic considerations for Mediterranean and Paratethys seaways (Oligocene to Miocene). - Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 99 A, pp. 279-310, Wien.

    Paleogeographic considerations for Mediterranean and Paratethys seaways (Oligocene to Miocene). - Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 99 A , () 279 -310.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rundić, Lj., N. Trofimovich, Lj. Savić 2000: Badenian microfauna of Bogutovo Selo, Ugljevik. -"Geology and metallogeny of the Dinarides and the Vardar Zone" (Proc. Internat. Symp.), pp. 225-232, Zvornik.

    Badenian microfauna of Bogutovo Selo, Ugljevik. -"Geology and metallogeny of the Dinarides and the Vardar Zone" (Proc. Internat. Symp.) , () 225 -232.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sokač, A., N. Krstić 1987: Ostracode fauna of some nonmarine Neogene basins in Yugoslavia. -Geol. vjesnik, 40, pp. 45-52, Zagreb.

    Ostracode fauna of some nonmarine Neogene basins in Yugoslavia. -Geol. vjesnik, 40 , () 45 -52.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steininger, W.F. 1999: Chronostratigraphy, geochronology and biochronology of the Miocene "European Land Mammal mega-zones" (ELMMZ) and the Miocene "Mammal-Zones" (MN-zones). - The Miocene land mammals of Europe, pp. 9-24.

    Chronostratigraphy, geochronology and biochronology of the Miocene "European Land Mammal mega-zones" (ELMMZ) and the Miocene "Mammal-Zones" (MN-zones). - The Miocene land mammals of Europe , () 9 -24.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steininger, F., F. Rögl, P. Hochuli, C. Müller 1988/89: Lignite deposits and marine cycles. The Austrian Tertiary Lignite deposits - A case history. - Sitzungsber. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-nayt,kl., I, 197, pp. 309-332. Wien.

    Lignite deposits and marine cycles. The Austrian Tertiary Lignite deposits - A case history. - Sitzungsber. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-nayt,kl., I, 197 , () 309 -332.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Stevanović, P., M. Pavlović, M. Eremija 1975: Stratigraphische Lage der Kosovia-Horizonten im Suesswasserneogen Serbiens (Schumadia und Morava Gebiet). - C. r. Seances Soc. Serbe geol., (pour 1975 et 1976), pp. 77-81, Beograd.

    Stratigraphische Lage der Kosovia-Horizonten im Suesswasserneogen Serbiens (Schumadia und Morava Gebiet). - C. r. Seances Soc. Serbe geol., (pour 1975 et 1976) , () 77 -81.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Anić, D. 1954: Das Alter der braunkohlenführenden Ablagerungen von Bosnien, der Herzegowina und Dalmatien. - Geol. Vjesnik, 5-7, pp. 73-110, Zagreb. (In Serbo-Croat with German summary.)

    Das Alter der braunkohlenführenden Ablagerungen von Bosnien, der Herzegowina und Dalmatien. - Geol. Vjesnik, 5-7 , () 73 -110.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bojić, Z. 1997: Paleogeographic circumstances of the Lower Badenian equivalents in the area of Central Serbia. - Proc. Field Meets in Yugosl. IGCP Proj. 329 - Spec. publ. Geoinst., 21, pp. 79-81, Belgrade.

    Paleogeographic circumstances of the Lower Badenian equivalents in the area of Central Serbia. - Proc. Field Meets in Yugosl. IGCP Proj. 329 - Spec. publ. Geoinst., 21 , () 79 -81.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buzek, C. 1982: Ceratostratiotes Gregor, an extinct water plant of uncertain affinity from European Miocene. - Vestnik UUG, 57, 5, pp. 285-294, Praha.

    Ceratostratiotes Gregor, an extinct water plant of uncertain affinity from European Miocene. - Vestnik UUG, 57, 5 , () 285 -294.

    • Search Google Scholar