The author explores current trends in law enforcement and criminal policy. The first part of the essay focuses on the methodological and theoretical difficulties with describing the state of global crime. Special attention is given to the peculiarities of post-9/11 developments in the field of crime prevention and anti-terrorist legal regimes, a situation in which the efforts to combat terrorism have crossed the traditional boundaries of criminal law enforcement and the policy and practice of pre-emptive strikes is difficult to fit even into the recognized conceptual framework of crime prevention. Following this, the author turns to the analysis of decentralizing and privatizing public security and law enforcement and the question of security partnerships.Prior to the assessment of the concept and paradigm of human security-which is at the heart of the inquiry-Professor Korinek provides an overview of the social effects of crime and security protection, the social perception of crime and law enforcement and the interrelation of politics and criminal law. The author calls for a complex and global approach when approaching the question of liberty and security, since the traditional distinctions between the military and the police as well as domestic and external security are fading. By using a comparative methodology (incorporating a wide range of international examples along with references to Hungarian criminal policy developments and constitutional jurisprudence) the author claims that the new element in the human security approach is that it places the perspective of individuals and their communities before the security interests of the national or even the whole international community, and thus is able to resolve the dichotomy that is generally presumed to exist between human rights and security.