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  • 1 Eötvös Loránd University Department of Microbiology Pázmány P. sétány 1/C H-1117 Budapest Hungary
  • 2 Eötvös Loránd University Department of Physical Geography Pázmány P. sétány 1/C H-1117 Budapest Hungary
  • 3 Hungarian Academy of Sciences Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Agricultural Research Herman Ottó út 15 H-1022 Budapest Hungary
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Karst areas belong to the most exposed terrestrial ecosystems, therefore their study have a priority task in Hungary, as well. The aim of this study was to compare the structure, activity and diversity of soil microbial communities from two distinct Hungarian karst areas (Aggtelek NP and Tapolca-basin). Soil samples were taken three times from 6 distinct sites, from different depths. Soil microbial biomass C (MBC), microbial biomass N (MBN), basal respiration (BRESP) and substrate induced respiration (SIR) were measured. The phylogenetic diversity of bacterial communities was compared by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE). The highest MBC, MBN, BRESP and SIR values were measured in the rendzina soil from Aggtelek. On the basis of biomass and respiration measurements, microbial communities differentiated mainly according to soil depths whereas DGGE profiles of bacterial communities resulted in groups mainly according to sampling sites.

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