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  • 1 University of Yaoundé I Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Yaoundé Cameroon
  • 2 University of Buea Faculty of Health Sciences Buea Cameroon
  • 3 Hungarian Academy of Sciences Institute for Veterinary Medical Research Hungaria krt. 21 H-1143 Budapest Hungary
  • 4 University of Douala Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences Douala Cameroon
  • 5 University of Pécs Department of Medical Genetics and Child Development Pécs Hungary
  • 6 Regional Hospital Maroua Medical Diagnostic Laboratory Maroua Cameroon
  • 7 Università degli Studi Aldo Moro di Bari Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia Bari Italy
  • 8 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases Atlanta GA USA
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Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are an important enteric pathogen in humans and livestock animals. Transmission of animal RVA strains to humans has been documented on several occasions. A reverse route of transmission of RVA under natural circumstances is anticipated, although evidence is scarce. However, experimental studies indicated that animals can be infected with human RVAs. By screening the stool samples collected from 157 cattle during 2011 in two Cameroonian villages, four samples (2.5%) were found positive for RVA. Upon sequence analysis of a 410 bp fragment of the VP7 gene, the RVA strains shared up to 100% nt identity to each other and to G12 RVAs identified in human patients living in the same geographic regions. This finding provides evidence for a human-to-animal transmission of an epidemic human rotavirus strain.

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