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  • 1 University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • | 2 OIKOS – Cooperação e Desenvolvimento, Portugal
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Dissemination of pathogenic multiresistant bacteria is of public health concern. Reliable data can be difficult to obtain, especially in developing countries. This work aimed to characterize the skin and oropharyngeal microbiota, as well as their antimicrobial resistance profiles, of East-Timor populations to identify potentially pathogenic Gram-positive cocci. In order to assess the prevalence of pathogenic bacteria in East-Timor, the oropharyngeal and skin microbiota of 74 individuals was characterized. Gram-positive cocci were evaluated and their antimicrobial resistance profiles were determined. A total of 228 oropharyngeal and 278 skin samples were obtained. The population consisted of 36.5% of asymptomatic carriers of Gram-positive cocci. Kocuria rosea (n = 7, 19.4%), Staphylococcus spp. (n = 6, 16.7%), and Micrococcus luteus (n = 6, 16.7%) were isolated, among others. Antimicrobial resistance levels ranged between 0% and 36.1%, and a multiresistance profile was observed in one third of the isolates. Gram-positive cocci colonization was associated with age group. Prevalence of multiresistant isolates was higher in males who were sampled at the refugee camp. Results show that the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance on East Timor may be underestimated. This study represents the first step toward the full characterization of potential pathogenic Gram-positive cocci present in the populations from East Timor.

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