View More View Less
  • 1 Netherlands and Aix-Marseille University, CERGAM, France
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $700.00

After a monetary reform in 1946, the Communists helped by Jenő Varga and the Social Democrats advised by Nicholas Kaldor each drafted an economic reconstruction plan introducing central planning. Having already campaigned for economic planning after the war, Káldor was also in favour of a Keynesian income and fiscal policy. Good trade relations with the Soviet Union were in his eyes a precondition for economic recovery and stability. But the non-participation of Hungary in the Marshall Plan weakened the authority of the Social Democrats vis-à-vis the Communists who were now pressing for a Soviet-type planning system and the dictatorship of the proletariat.

  • Antos, I. (1946): Infláció vagy jó pénz (Inflation or Good Money). Budapest: Szikra.

  • Barna, T. (1945): Redistribution of Incomes through Public Finance in 1937. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Berend, I. T.Ránki, Gy. (1985): The Hungarian Economy in the Twentieth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

  • Borbándi, Gy. (2006): A magyar emigráció életrajza, 1945–1985 (The Hungarian Emigration, 1945–1985). Mikes International Hága, Hollandia – Országos Széchényi Könyvtár.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brus, W. (1986): Postwar Reconstruction and Socio-Economic Transformation. In: Kaser, M. C.Radice, E. A. (eds): The Economic History of Eastern Europe 1919–1975. Vol. II. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 564642.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Donáth, F. (1969): Demokratikus földreform Magyarországon 1945–1947 (Democratic Land Reform in Hungary, 1945–1947). Budapest: Akadémia Kiadó.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gerő, E.Rácz, J.Kemény, G. (1947): Magyarország hároméves gazdasági tervének alapjai (The Foundations of the Three-Year Plan of Hungary). Budapest: Szikra.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Healey, D. (ed.) (1951): The Curtain Falls: The Story of the Socialist in Eastern Europe. London: Lincolns-Prager.

  • Jelentés a hároméves terv első évéről (1947. augusztus 1–1948. július 31) (Report on the First Year of the Three-Year Plan, August 1, 1947–July 31, 1948).

  • Judik, J. (1947): A hároméves gazdasági terv (The Three-Year Plan). Közgazdasági Szemle, 70:159.

  • Kaldor, N. (1946a): The Danubian States. The Times, November 19, 1946.

  • Kaldor, N. (1946b): Hungary’s Place in Europe: I. Discrete Russian Influence. The Manchester Guardian, October 22, 1946.

  • Kaldor, N. (1946c): Hungary’s Place in Europe: II. The Coalition Principle. The Manchester Guardian, October 30, 1946.

  • Kaldor, N. (1946d): Hungary’s Place in Europe: III. Trade with Soviet Russia. The Manchester Guardian, November 1, 1946.

  • Kaldor, N. (1946e): Inflation in Hungary: I. A Classical Example. The Manchester Guardian, November 21, 1946.

  • Kaldor, N. (1946f): Inflation in Hungary. II. Stabilisation. The Manchester Guardian, November 22, 1946.

  • Kaldor, N. (1946g): Inflation in Hungary. The Economic Journal, October.

  • Kaldor, N. (1947): Long-Term Planning. The Times, April 3, 1947.

  • Kaldor, N. (1979): Tamás Bácskai’s Interview with Lord Kaldor for the Hungarian Television. Reprinted in Valóság, No. 12. (in Hungarian only).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kaldor, N.Joseph, M. F.W. (1942): The Economic Reconstruction after the War. Association for Education in Citizenship, English Universities Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kaldor, N.Robinson, J.Evans, A. A.Schumacher, E. F.Lamartine Yates, P. (1943): Planning for Abundance. Peace Aims Pamphlet.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kemény, G. (1952): Economic Planning in Hungary 1947–9. London: RIIA.

  • Kenez, P. (2006): Hungary from the Nazis to the Soviets: The Establishment of the Communist Regime in Hungary 1944–1948. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kornai, J. (1950): A magyar Sztahánov-mozgalom időszerű kérdései (Sztálin elvtársnak a sztahánovisták tanácskozásán mondott beszéde a mozgalom 15. évfordulójára) (Current Issues of the Hungarian Stahanov Movement. Comrade Stalin’s Speech at the Meeting of the Stahanovists on the Occasion of the Movement’s Fifteenth Anniversary). Társadalmi Szemle, 5: 948958.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Majoros, K. (2000): István Varga’s Role in the 1946 Hungarian Stabilization. Business Studies, 1: 101112.

  • Majoros, K. (2003): An Early Mainstream Economist from Hungary: István Varga (1897–1962). Acta Oeconomica, 53(2):195214.

  • Mevius, M. (2005): The Hungarian Communist Party and the Origins of Socialist Patriotism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Mommen, A. (2011): Stalin’s Economist: The Economic Contributions of Jenő Varga. London – New York: Routledge.

  • Palasik, M. (2000): A jogállamiság kísérlete és kudarca Magyarországon 1944–1949 (The Attempt and Failure of the Rule of Law in Hungary, 1944–1949). Budapest: Napvilág Kiadó.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rákosi, M. (1946): A jó forintért! Beszéd a Magyar Kommunista Párt miskolci nagygyűlésén 1946. július 21-én (For a Good Forint! Speech at the Miskolc Rally of the Hungarian Communist Party, July 21, 1946). Budapest: Szikra.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ránki, Gy. (1963): Küzdelem a tervgazdaságért (The Struggle for the Planned Economy). Századok, 1.

  • Schweng, L. D. (1952): Economic Planning in Hungary since 1938. Ann Arbor: Edwards Brothers (Mid-European Studies Center of the National Committee for a Free Europe, Inc.).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thirlwall, A. P. (1987): Nicholas Kaldor. New York: New York University Press.

  • Thirlwall, A. P. (1989): Kaldor as a Policy Adviser. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 13: 112139.

  • Varga, J. (1946): Infláció – stabilizáció (Inflation – Stabilisation). Társadalmi Szemle, 1: 481488.

  • Vida, I. (ed.) (2008): A koalíciós korszak gazdálkodása 1944–1949 (The Economy of the Coalition Period, 1944–1949). Budapest: Gondolat.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vas, Z. (1950): A 3 éves terv befejezése népünk győzelme (The Completion of the Three-Year Plan is Our People’s Victory). Társadalmi Szemle, 5: 131141.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3 éves terv: A Magyar Kommunista Párt javaslata (1947) (The Three-year Plan: Proposals of the Hungarian Communist Party, 1947). Budapest: Szikra.