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  • 1 National Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland
  • 2 National Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland
  • 3 Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland
  • 4 National Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland
  • 5 Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland
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The paper presents the results of a research conducted in 2014–2016, aimed at characterising the milieu of the Polish academic economists with respect to their self-identification with modern schools of economic thought. Using econometric modelling, the social variables determining the theoretical choices made by the economists themselves were identified. We found that the largest group of the Polish academic economists identifies themselves with new institutional economics. Nearly half of the respondents declared their association with heterodox approaches, while only about a quarter of the respondents showed association with economic orthodoxy. Such a structure of self-identification of the Polish academic economists with schools of economic thought distinguishes it from the ones in other European countries, such as Italy and Germany.

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