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  • 1 Dept. Biol. & Geol. Sci., Faculty of Education, Tanta University Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt
  • 2 Department of Botany, Faculty of Science Dept Botany, Faculty of Science Mansoura University, Egypt Mansoura
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A field survey was conducted to investigate the importance of saline soil factors on the occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in three localities (Baltim, New Damietta and Gamasa). Out of the 45 species of native and cultivated plants collected from three sites, 36 species including all agronomic were infected with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. However, few plant species belonging to the families Chenopodiaceae, Cruciferae and Cyperaceae were found to be non-mycorrhizal. In general, soil pH and CaCO3 content have no direct effect on the number of mycorrhizal spores in the rhizosphere of all plants tested. A positive correlation between densities of Glomales and the organic matter in the rhizosphere of cultivated salt tolerant plants were observed. Generally, spore densities and subsequent level of mycorrhizal infection were negatively correlated with the degree of salinity in the soil. However, number of mycorrhizal spores in the rhizosphere of wild halophytes were not significantly correlated to infectivity. Arbuscular mycorrhizal spores isolated from the collected soils were identified as two genera, Glomus and Acaulospora. Spores belonging to the genus Glomus were abundant in this survey, many of these were identified as Glomus mosseae and Glomus etunicatum. G. mosseae was the most frequent species reported in the salt rhizosphere. Thus, the results suggest that soil salinity and organic matter might play an important role in regulating the distribution of AM fungal communities in the saline soil.

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