View More View Less
  • 1 S. K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir Division of Environmental Sciences Shalimar Srinagar 191 121 India
  • 2 Central University of Kashmir Srinagar Environment and Sustainable Development Jammu and Kashmir India
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $692.00

The present paper evaluates the results of field experiments conducted during two consecutive growth seasons (2008–2009) to assess the environmental impact of cement dust pollution on foliar physiology (pigments), growth performance and yield of three commonly cultivated vegetable crops, tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), radish (Raphanus sativus) and knol-khol (Brassica oleracea var. gongyloides) in Kashmir Himalayan valley, India. Two experimental sites (S1, S2) were selected in the vicinity of the cement factory at Khrew, Pulwama (Kashmir) at a distance of 0.5 km (S1) and 2 km (S2) and compared with a dust free control site (S3) located at about 6 km from the factory in a crosswind direction. The data revealed that cement dust had an adverse effect on morphological and biochemical characteristics of the crops. Differential level of crop sensitivity to cement dust was markedly evident. Knol-khol (Brassica oleracea var. gongyloides) reflected a higher degree of tolerance to particulate emissions as compared to tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and radish (Raphanus sativus). Photosynthetic pigment analysis showed adverse impact on chlorophyll-a, while chlorophyll-b marginally decreased in the leaves of tomato plants at S1; the effect being non-significant for the other test crops. Carotenoids also exhibited a remarkable reduction due to cement dust impact. The yield of tomato recorded severe losses (12.28–23.95%) as compared to radish (7.46–21.4%), while the effect was non-significant in knol-khol. Other growth and yield related attributes also followed a similar trend; tomato and radish showing remarkable effects in response to cement dust and knol-khol showed the least effect. The soil characteristics indicated significant reduction in available P. Except available N, other variables (pH, conductivity, available K, exchangeable Ca and Mg) recorded higher values in the polluted soils as compared to control. The need for installation of appropriate devices in cement manufacturing factories to combat the emission of dust in ambient environment together with environmental monitoring of agro-ecosystems is stressed.

  • Agarwal, S. and Tiwari, A. (1997): Observations on cement kiln dust pollution in Patrapali region Raigarh (M. P.). - Flora and Fauna 3(2): 131–133.

    Tiwari A , 'Observations on cement kiln dust pollution in Patrapali region Raigarh (M. P.) ' (1997 ) 3 Flora and Fauna : 131 -133.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bayhan, Y. K., Yapici, S., Kocaman, B., Nuhoglu, A. and Cakici, A. (2002): The effects of cement dust on some soil characteristics. - Fresenius Environ. Bull. 11(11): 1030–1033.

    Cakici A , 'The effects of cement dust on some soil characteristics ' (2002 ) 11 Fresenius Environ. Bull. : 1030 -1033.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Borka, G. (2003): The effect of cement dust pollution on growth and metabolism of Helianthus annuus. - Environ. Pollution, Ser. A 22: 74–79.

    Borka G , 'The effect of cement dust pollution on growth and metabolism of Helianthus annuus ' (2003 ) 22 Environ. Pollution, Ser. A : 74 -79.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Chougala, S. C., Mutnal, S. M. and Maheswarappa, V. (2008): Growth and productivity of sorghum as influenced by cement dust around Lokapur lime kilns of Karnataka. - Environ. Ecol. 26(2A): 856–858.

    Maheswarappa V , 'Growth and productivity of sorghum as influenced by cement dust around Lokapur lime kilns of Karnataka ' (2008 ) 26 Environ. Ecol. : 856 -858.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Demchak, K. T. and Smith, C. B. (1990): Yield responses and nutrient uptake of broccoli as affected by lime type and fertiliser. - J. Amer. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 115(5): 737–740.

    Smith C B , 'Yield responses and nutrient uptake of broccoli as affected by lime type and fertiliser ' (1990 ) 115 J. Amer. Soc. Hortic. Sci. : 737 -740.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hirano, T., Kiyota, M. and Aiga, J. (1995): Physical effects of dust on leaf physiology of cucumber and kidney bean plants. - Environ. Pollution 89(3): 255–261.

    Aiga J , 'Physical effects of dust on leaf physiology of cucumber and kidney bean plants ' (1995 ) 89 Environ. Pollution : 255 -261.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hiscox, J. B. and Isrealstam, G. F. (1979): A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. - Can. J. Bot. 57: 132–134.

    Isrealstam G F , 'A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration ' (1979 ) 57 Can. J. Bot. : 132 -134.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jackson, M. L. (1973): Soil chemical analysis. - Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

    Jackson M L , '', in Soil chemical analysis , (1973 ) -.

  • Kloseiko, J. and Mandre, M. (2000): Response of Norway spruce to treatment of soil with cement dust. - Metsanduskikud Uurimused 33: 98–107.

    Mandre M , 'Response of Norway spruce to treatment of soil with cement dust ' (2000 ) 33 Metsanduskikud Uurimused : 98 -107.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lone, F. A. (2005): Effect of cement dust on the foliar growth, flower morphology, crocin content and yield of saffron. - J. Indian Bot. Soc. 84: 135–140.

    Lone F A , 'Effect of cement dust on the foliar growth, flower morphology, crocin content and yield of saffron ' (2005 ) 84 J. Indian Bot. Soc. : 135 -140.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lone, F. A. and Khan, M. A. (2007): Industrial particulate pollution and agroecodegradation in Kashmir Himalayan valley. - In: Singh, K. K., Singh, A. K., Tomer, A. and Singh, V. (eds): Environmental degradation and protection. M. D. Publications Pvt Ltd., New Delhi, pp. 188–205.

    Khan M A , '', in Industrial particulate pollution and agroecodegradation in Kashmir Himalayan valley , (2007 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lone, F. A., Khan, M. A. and Naik, H. R. (2011): Environmental impact assessment of particulate pollution on some fruit trees of Kashmir Himalayas. - Acta Bot. Hung. 53: 329–341.

    Naik H R , 'Environmental impact assessment of particulate pollution on some fruit trees of Kashmir Himalayas ' (2011 ) 53 Acta Bot. Hung. : 329 -341.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mandre, M. and Korsjukov, R. (2007): The quality of stemwood of Pinus sylvestris in an alkalized environment. - Water, Air and Soil Pollution 182(1–4): 163–172.

    Korsjukov R , 'The quality of stemwood of Pinus sylvestris in an alkalized environment ' (2007 ) 182 Water, Air and Soil Pollution : 163 -172.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mandre, M. and Ots, K. (1999): Growth and biomass portioning of 6 year old spruces under alkaline dust impact. - Water, Air and Soil Pollution 114(1–2): 13–25.

    Ots K , 'Growth and biomass portioning of 6 year old spruces under alkaline dust impact ' (1999 ) 114 Water, Air and Soil Pollution : 13 -25.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Raghav, D. and Khan, A. A. (2002): Impact of industrial particulate pollutants applied to soil on growth and yield of tomato. - Thai J. Agric. Sci. 35(2): 187–194.

    Khan A A , 'Impact of industrial particulate pollutants applied to soil on growth and yield of tomato ' (2002 ) 35 Thai J. Agric. Sci. : 187 -194.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rodd, A. V., Macleod, J. A., Warman, P. R. and Mcrae, K. B. (2004): Surface application of cement kiln dust and lime to forages: effect on soil pH. - Can. J. Soil Sci. 84(3): 317–322.

    Mcrae K B , 'Surface application of cement kiln dust and lime to forages: effect on soil pH ' (2004 ) 84 Can. J. Soil Sci. : 317 -322.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shukla, J. V., Panday, S. N., Singh, M., Yunus, M., Singh, N. and Ahmad, K. J. (1990): Effect of cement dust on growth and yield of Brassica campestris L. - Environ. Pollution 66: 81–88.

    Ahmad K J , 'Effect of cement dust on growth and yield of Brassica campestris L. ' (1990 ) 66 Environ. Pollution : 81 -88.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Singh, N. K., Singh, A. K. and Srivastava, S. K. (2005): Effect of cement dust on certain physical parameters of pea. - J. Living World 12(2): 41–44.

    Srivastava S K , 'Effect of cement dust on certain physical parameters of pea ' (2005 ) 12 J. Living World : 41 -44.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Zargar, A. H., Zargar, M. Y. and Khan, M. A. (2002): Cement dust pollution in Kashmir: response of Phaseolus vulgaris to cement dust treatment under soil amendments. - J. Curr. Sci. 2(1): 15–18.

    Khan M A , 'Cement dust pollution in Kashmir: response of Phaseolus vulgaris to cement dust treatment under soil amendments ' (2002 ) 2 J. Curr. Sci. : 15 -18.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Zargar, A. H., Zargar, M. Y., Dar, G. H. and Ganai, B. A. (1999): Impact of cement dust on growth and biomass yield of haak (Brassica oleracea). - Appl. Biol. Res. 1(2): 179–181.

    Ganai B A , 'Impact of cement dust on growth and biomass yield of haak (Brassica oleracea) ' (1999 ) 1 Appl. Biol. Res. : 179 -181.

    • Search Google Scholar