Authors:
S. Ahmad Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan

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M. Zafar Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan

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M. Ahmad Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan

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S. Sultana Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan

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S. Majeed Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan

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G. Yaseen Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan

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Pollen morphology of 16 species belonging to 8 different families; Apocynaceae, Brassicaceae, Capparaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Poaceae, Solanaceae and Zygophyllaceae were analysed from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with the help of microscopic techniques. Both qualitative and quantitative features of pollen were examined including polar and equatorial diameter, colpus length and width, exine sculpturing, pores number, pollen shape, number of sterile and fertile pollen using Leica microscope (D1000) fitted with camera Meiji Infinity 1 and examined statistically by software IBM SPSS Statistics 20. Pollen observed were small to large with suboblate, oblate-spheroidal, prolate-spheroidal and subprolate shape. Exine ornamentations were reticulate and psilate type in all the studied plants. Colpi and pores of the selected plants observed are tricolporate, tricolpate and monoporate. The present study showed that both spring and autumn seasons are the prominent seasons for honey production and beekeeping industries in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Brassica camp-estris is the most visited species by honeybees in the study area. Melliferous plants gave knowledge about botanical origin of honey and geographical origin of honeybees. The current study identified numerous bee forage plants which may help to raise the concept of cultivation of melliferous herbaceous plants by the local people, to be used for honey production. The identification of these potential sources may help the beekeepers to increase the honey production and increase in agricultural yields through pollinations.

  • Ahmad, K., Khan, M. A. and Shaheen, N. (2010): Palynological studies of the semi-desert plant species from Pakistan. –Afr. J. Biotechnol. 9(24): 35273535.

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  • Ahmad, M., Khan, M. A., Hasan, A., Zafar, M. and Sultana, S. (2008): Chemotaxonomic standardization of herbal drugs milk thistle and globe thistle.–Asian J. Chem. 20(6): 44434459.

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  • Ahmad, M., Bano, A., Zafar, M., Khan, M. A., Chaudhry, M. J. I. and Sultana, S. (2013): Pollen morphology of some species of the family Asteraceae from the alpine zone, Deosai Plateau, northern Pakistan.–Palynology 37(2): 189195.

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  • Ahmad, S., Zafar, M., Ahmad, M., Lubna Yaseen, G. and Sultana, S. (2019): Microscopic investigation of palyno-morphological features of melliferous flora of Lakki Marwat district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.–Microsc. Res. Tech. 82(6): 720730.

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  • Carpes, S. T., Begnini, R., Alencar, S. M. D. and Masson, M. L. (2007): Study of preparations of bee pollen extracts, antioxidant, and antibacterial activity.–Ciênc. agrotec. 31: 18181825.

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  • Chaturvedi, M., Yunus, D. and Datta, K. (1994): Pollen morphology of Sorghum Moench Sections Eu-sorghum and Para-sorghum.–Grana 33(3): 117123.

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  • Clark, W. D., Brown, G. K. and Mayes, R. A. (1980): Pollen morphology of Haplopappus and related genera (Compositae-Asteraceae). –Amer. J. Bot. 67(9): 13911393.

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  • Ebenezer, I. O. and Olugbenga, M. T. (2010): Pollen characterization of honey samples from north central Nigeria. –J. Biol. Sci. 10(1): 4347.

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  • Erdtman, G. (1952): Pollen morphology and taxonomy. Angiosperms. – Almquist & Wilksell, Stokholm.

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  • Goulson, D. (2003): Conserving wild bees for crop pollination. –J. Food Agric. Environ 1: 142144.

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  • Köhler, E. and Lange, E. (1979): A contribution to distinguishing cereal from wild grass pollen grains by LM and SEM. –Grana 18(3): 133140.

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  • Kremen, C., William, N. M. and Thorp, R. W. (2002): Crop pollination from native bees at risk from agricultural intensification. –Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 99(26): 1681216816.

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  • Mignot, A., Hoss, C., Dajoz, I., Leuret, C., Henry, J. P., Dreuillaux, J. M., Heberle-Bors, E. and Till-Bottraud, I. (1994): Pollen aperture polymorphism in the angiosperms: importance, possible causes and consequences. –Acta Bot.Gall. 141(2): 109122.

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  • Nguemo, D. D., Mapongmetsem, P. M. and Abdoulaye, M. (2016): Plants foraged by Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille in Southern Chad. –Open Acc.Lib. J. 3(8): 110.

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  • Noor, M. J., Ahmad, M., Zafar, M. and Ashraf, M. A. (2017): Palynological studies of melliferous and allergenic flora of Pakistan: a key to pollen and spore identification. –J. Apicult. Res. 56(3): 300309.

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  • Punt, W., Hoen, P. P., Blackmore, S., Nilsson, S. and Le Thomas, A. (1994): Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. –Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 143(1–2): 181.

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  • Qureshi, S. J., Awan, A. G., Khan, M. A. and Bano, S. (2002): Palynological study of the genus Crepis from Pakistan. –Asian J.Plant Sci. 1(2): 182187.

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  • Ullah, F., Zafar, M., Ahmad, M., Dilbar, S., Shah, S. N., Sohail, A., Zaman, W., Iqbal, M., Bahadur, S. and Tariq, A. (2018): Pollen morphology of subfamily Caryophylloideae (Caryophyllaceae) and its taxonomic significance. –Microsc. Res. Tech. 81(7): 704715.

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  • Zafar, M., Ahmad, M. and Khan, M. A. (2007): Palynology of family Asteraceae from flora of Rawalpindi-Pakistan. –Int. J. Agric. Biol. 9: 156161.

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Senior editors

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Editorial Board

  • Gy. BORBÉLY (Debrecen)
  • A. ČARNY (Ljubljana)
  • A. CSERGŐ (Dublin)
  • B. CZÚCZ (Paris)
  • M. HÖHN (Budapest)
  • K. T. KISS (Budapest)
  • A. KUZEMKO (Uman)
  • Z. LOSOSOVÁ (Brno)
  • I. MÁTHÉ (Szeged)
  • E. MIHALIK (Szeged)
  • S. ORBÁN (Eger)
  • R. PÁL (Butte)
  • Gy. PINKE (Mosonmagyaróvár)
  • T. PÓCS (Eger)
  • K. PRACH (České Budejovice)
  • E. S. RAUSCHERT (Cleveland)
  • E. RUPRECHT (Cluj Napoca)
  • G. SRAMKÓ (Debrecen)
  • A. T. SZABÓ (Veszprém)
  • É. SZŐKE (Budapest)
  • B. TOKARSKA-GUZIK (Katowice)
  • B. TÓTHMÉRÉSZ (Debrecen)
  • P. TÖRÖK (Debrecen)

Botta-Dukát, Zoltán
E-mail: botta-dukat.zoltan@okologia.mta.hu

or

Lőkös, László
E-mail: acta@bot.nhmus.hu
Institute: Botanical Department, Hungarian Natural History Museum
Address: Könyves K. krt. 40. H-1097 Budapest, Hungary

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2023  
Scopus  
CiteScore 1.7
CiteScore rank Q3 (Plant Science)
SNIP 0.749
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Acta Botanica Hungarica
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Acta Botanica Hungarica
Language English
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Size B5
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1954
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4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
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ISSN 0236-6495 (Print)
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