The purpose of the present study was to examine how end tidal CO2 pressure (PETCO2) is controlled in impulse exercise. After pre-exercise at 25 watts for 5 min, impulse exercise for 10 sec with 200 watts followed by post exercise at 25 watts was performed. Ventilation (V̇E) significantly increased until the end of impulse exercise and significantly re-increased after a sudden decrease. Heart rate (HR) significantly increased until the end of impulse exercise and then decreased to the pre-exercise level. PETCO2 remained constant during impulse exercise. PETCO2 significantly increased momentarily after impulse exercise and then significantly decreased to the pre-exercise level. PETCO2 showed oscillation. The average peak frequency of power spectral density in PETCO2 appeared at 0.0078 Hz. Cross correlations were obtained after impulse exercise. The peak cross correlations between V̇E and PETCO2, HR and PETCO2, and V̇E and HR were 0.834 with a time delay of −7 sec, 0.813 with a time delay of 7 sec and 0.701 with a time delay of −15 sec, respectively. We demonstrated that PETCO2 homeodynamics was interactively maintained by PETCO2 itself, CO2 transportation (product of cardiac output and mixed venous CO2 content) into the lungs by heart pumping and CO2 elimination by ventilation, and it oscillates as a result of their interactions.
Afroundeh R, Arimitsu T, Yamanaka R, Lian C-S, Yunoki T, Yano T: Effect of arterial carbon dioxide on ventilation during recovery from impulse exercises of various intensities. Acta Physiol. Hung 99, 251–260 (2012)
Yano T, 'Effect of arterial carbon dioxide on ventilation during recovery from impulse exercises of various intensities' (2012) 99Acta Physiol. Hung: 251-260.
Yano TEffect of arterial carbon dioxide on ventilation during recovery from impulse exercises of various intensitiesActa Physiol. Hung201299251260)| false
Fink GR, Adams L, Watson JDG, Innes JA, Wuyamt B, Kobayashi I, Corfield DR, Murphy K, Jones TRSJ, Frackowiak RSJ, Guzt A: Hyperpnoea during and immediately after exercise in man: evidence of motor cortical involvement. J. Physiol. 489, 663–675 (1995)
Guzt A, 'Hyperpnoea during and immediately after exercise in man: evidence of motor cortical involvement' (1995) 489J. Physiol.: 663-675.
Guzt AHyperpnoea during and immediately after exercise in man: evidence of motor cortical involvementJ. Physiol.1995489663675)| false
Green AL, Wang S, Purvis S, Owen SLF, Bain PG, Stein JF, Guz A, Tipu Z, Aziz TZ, David J, Paterson DJ: Identifying cardiorespiratory neurocircuitry involved in central command during exercise in humans. J. Physiol. 578, 605–612 (2007)
Paterson DJ, 'Identifying cardiorespiratory neurocircuitry involved in central command during exercise in humans' (2007) 578J. Physiol.: 605-612.
Paterson DJIdentifying cardiorespiratory neurocircuitry involved in central command during exercise in humansJ. Physiol.2007578605612)| false
Yano T, Lian C-S, Arimitsu T, Yamanaka R, Afroundeh R, Shirakawa K, Yunoki K: Comparison of oscillation of oxygenation in skeletal muscle between early and late phases in prolonged exercise. Physiol. Res. 62, 297–304 (2013)
Yunoki K, 'Comparison of oscillation of oxygenation in skeletal muscle between early and late phases in prolonged exercise' (2013) 62Physiol. Res.: 297-304.
Yunoki KComparison of oscillation of oxygenation in skeletal muscle between early and late phases in prolonged exercisePhysiol. Res.201362297304)| false
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