Author: M Boros 1
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  • 1 Institute of Surgical Research, University of Szeged H-6701 Szeged, P.O. Box 427, Hungary
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Oxido-reductive stress is a crucial factor of the tissue response during ischemia-reoxygenation injuries. Reperfusion affects primarily the microvasculature in a manner consistent with an acute inflammatory reaction. In this respect, the salient data suggest an important connection between endothelial cell-derived humoral mediators and the perivascular mast cell system. Increased endothelin-1 and decreased nitric oxide formation, mast cell degranulation and leukocyte accumulation coexist in gastrointestinal ischemia-reperfusion syndromes too. Constitutively produced nitric oxide inhibits, while increasingly formed endothelin-1 significantly enhances the degranulation of the intestinal mast cells. The endothelin-A receptor-dependent mast cell degranulation per se plays a secondary role in reperfusion-induced structural injury, but contributes significantly to leukocyte recruitment into the reperfused intestinal mucosa. It is conceivable therefore, that the nitric oxide - endothelin-1 - mast cell cycle is involved in the mechanism of ischemia-reperfusion-induced endothelial cell-leukocyte interactions, where mast cells act to amplify the process of leukocyte sequestration. The alteration in the balance between endothelial cell-derived proadhesive vasoconstrictor and antiadhesive vasodilator factors exerts a significant influence on the mucosal integrity, and the antagonism of endothelin-A receptor activation in this setting tips the equilibrium toward tissue salvage.

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