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  • 1 Department of Physiology Faculty of Animal Science University of Kaposvár H-7400 Kaposvár, Guba S. u. 40, Hungary
  • 2 Department of Agricultural Chemistry, University of Agriculture GödöllÅ, Hungary; present address: Ceva-Phylaxia Co. Ltd., Budapest, Hungary
  • 3 Department of Physiology Faculty of Animal Science University of Kaposvár H-7400 Kaposvár, Guba S. u. 40, Hungary
  • 4 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Laboratory of Phytopathology and Plant Protection Willem de Croylaan 42, 3001 Heverlee-Leuven, Belgium
  • 5 6. Ashley Park North Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
  • 6 6. Ashley Park North Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
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After oral administration several gut-binding lectins induce accumulation of liquor and amylase in the proximal small intestine (2). Orally administered Phaseolus vulgaris phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) was used to study the mediation of these effects in rats. The regulation of amylase secretion clearly differed from that of the liquor. The amylase activity was of pancreatic origin, in agreement with the known cholecystokinin-releasing effect of PHA. It appears that CCK exerts its effect both directly and by facilitating neural stimulatory pathways. Intestinal secretion was identified as the source of the liquor, without a contribution by other secretions. It was mediated by a local cholinergic reflex with the involvement of both muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. It is speculated that the observed enteric reflex may enable the gut to transport secreted antibacterial peptides or secretory antibodies from the crypts to adherent bacteria on adjacent villi.

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