University of Pécs Research Group of Human Movement Sciences, Institute of Human Resource Development, Faculty of Adult Education and Human Resource Development Szántó Kovács János utca 1/b H-7633 Pécs Hungary
University of Pécs Institute of Human Movement Sciences, Medical Faculty Hungary
Municipal Hospital Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Dombóvár Hungary
The objective of this paper was to examine the relationship between body balancing functions and body characteristics, motor abilities and reaction time. Subjects were 33 university students and 11 professional basketball players sorted into four groups of athletic and non-athletic women and men. Each group consisted of eleven subjects. The body height, weight was measured and the body mass index (BMI) calculated. A bioelectrical device computed the body fat (%). Static and dynamic motor tests, as well as static and dynamic balance tests were used. The reaction time (RT) to sound and light stimuli was measured. The regression analysis of the data revealed significant linear relationship between the amplitude of body sways (BS) and BMI in all groups. Also high correlation was found between back muscle strength and BS in all groups except the non-athletic women. Negative correlation was found between endurance capacity and BS in basketball players, i.e. at higher endurance capacity smaller amplitude BS occurred (r=−0.620, p<0.04). The RT values showed significant correlations with BS only in the basketball players (r=0.620, p<0.04). It is concluded that increase in BMI, back muscle strength and endurance capacity is associated with better postural stability. Some motor abilities (hip flexibility, vertical jumping) show no significant correlations with body balancing, while other motor performances (static hanging) and RT values correlate well with BS only in the well-trained elite basketball players.
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Co-editor(s): Koller, Ákos; Lénárd, László; Szénási, Gábor
Assistant Editor(s): G. Dörnyei (Budapest), Zs. Miklós (Budapest), Gy. Nádasy (Budapest)
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Benedek, György (Szeged)Benyó, Zoltán (Budapest)Boros, Mihály (Szeged)Chernoch, László (Debrecen)Détári, László (Budapest)Hamar, János (Budapest)Hantos, Zoltán (Szeged)Hunyady, László (Budapest)Imre, Sándor (Debrecen)Jancsó, Gábor (Szeged)Karádi, Zoltán (Pécs)Kovács, László (Debrecen)Palkovits, Miklós (Budapest)Papp, Gyula (Szeged)Pavlik, Gábor (Budapest)Spät, András (Budapest)Szabó, Gyula (Szeged)Szelényi, Zoltán (Pécs)Szolcsányi, János (Pécs)Szollár, Lajos (Budapest)Szücs, Géza (Debrecen)Telegdy, Gyula (Szeged)Toldi, József (Szeged)Tósaki, Árpád (Debrecen)
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