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  • 1 Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Neuroscience Research Center and Department of Physiology, School of Medicine Mashhad Iran
  • 2 Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Department of Physiology, School of Medicine Mashhad Iran
  • 3 Payame Noor University Department of Basic Sciences Isfahan Iran
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The role of ovarian hormones, nitric oxide, and their interaction on learning and memory has been widely investigated. The objective of present study was to investigate different effects of chronic administration of inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, aminoguanidine (AM) on learning and memory of ovariectomized (OVX) and naïve (Sham) female rats. Thirty-two rats were divided into four groups: 1) Sham, 2) OVX, 3) Sham-AM and 4) OVX-AM. The animals of Sham-AM and OVX-AM chronically received 100 mg/kg/day of aminoguanidine during 8 weeks before 5 test days. The animals in Sham and OVX groups received 1 ml/kg saline instead of aminoguanidine. The animals were tested in Morris water maze and the escape latency and traveled path to reach the platform were compared between groups. On the fifth day, the platform was removed, and the animals were allowed to swim for 60 s ( prob trial). The time spent in the target quadrant (Q1) was compared between groups.Results showed that the escape latency and traveled path in OVX group were significantly higher than in the Sham group (p<0.01). Both escape latency and traveled path in the Sham-AM group was significantly higher than in the Sham group (p<0.01) however, there was no significant difference between OVX-AM and OVX groups.The time spent by the animals of OVX group in the target quadrant (Q1) during the probe trial was significantly lower than that in the Sham group (p<0.01). The animals of the Sham-AM group spent shorter times in the target quadrant in comparison with the Sham group (p<0.01). There was no significant difference between the OVX and OVX-AM groups in the time spent in tarthe get quadrant. It is concluded that the effect of aminoguanidine on learning and memory is different in the presence or absence of ovarian hormones but it needs further investigation.

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