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  • 1 Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Department of Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Centre for Plant Molecular Biology Coimbatore 641 003 Tamil Nadu India
  • 2 Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Department of Biochemistry, Centre for Plant Molecular Biology Coimbatore 641 003 Tamil Nadu India
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Resistance in different genotypes of tomato to Meloidogyne incognita were studied using screening and molecular studies. Lycopersicon peruvianum , a wild species of tomato showed resistance reaction to Meloidogyne incognita under artificial screening infection studies. L. peruvianum , showed least penetration rate of one nematode. In susceptible wild species L. pimpinellifolium , varieties and hybrid, feeding sites were characterized by giant cells containing granular cytoplasm and many hypertrophied nuclei. In L. peruvianum , the vascular tissues were not disturbed and epidermal layer showed lignin bodies which have accumulated and inhibited the nematodes into the roots. RT-PCR analysis to detect presence of resistance (R) gene showed a 877 bp amplicon present only in L. peruvianum . Sequence analysis of the partial cDNA from L. peruvianum showed considerable homology with already available disease resistance gene against Meloidogyne incognita . These results have important consequences in terms of transformation strategies to develop root knot nematode resistant transgenic plants.

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