View More View Less
  • 1 University of Pannonia Dept. of Animal Science, Georgikon Faculty H-8360 Keszthely Deák F. u. 16 Hungary
  • 2 Corvinus University of Budapest Dept. of Entomology H-1502 Budapest P.O. Box 53 Hungary
  • 3 East Malling Research New Road, East Malling Kent ME19 6BJ UK
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $20.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $542.00

The heteropteran fauna in three apple orchards in Kent and East Sussex, England was surveyed in 2001, 2002, 2004 and 2006. As a result of intensive sampling, a total of 104 species were recorded. Ninety species were recorded in an experimental apple orchard at East Malling Research, Kent, which had replicated plots subject to different pesticide management regimes, while 43 and 38 species were recorded in two commercial organic apple orchards near Marden, Kent and Robertsbridge, East Sussex, respectively. In the canopy layer the abundant species, in decreasing order of their relative abundance, were Orius vicinus, Atractotomus mali, Anthocoris nemorum, Heterotoma planicornis, Phytocoris reuteri, Lygus rugulipennis, Phytocoris longipennis, Palomena prasina, Orthotylus marginalis, Blepharidopterus angulatus and Deraeocoris ruber . These 11 species comprised at least 80% of the total Heteroptera abundance in the canopy in each apple orchard. The composition of bug communities differed between years and between the plots subject to different insecticide regimes in the experimental orchard at East Malling. However, these differences were exceeded by the characteristic differences in species composition and relative abundances between the three different orchards.

  • Alford, D. V. (1992): A Colour Atlas of Fruit Pests, Their Recognition, Biology and Control. Wolfe Publishing Ltd., London, pp. 1–320.

    Alford D. V. , '', in A Colour Atlas of Fruit Pests, Their Recognition, Biology and Control , (1992 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Austreng, M. P. and Somme, L. (1980): The fauna of predatory bugs (Heteroptera, Miridae and Anthocoridae) in Norwegian apple orchards. Fauna Norvegica Ser. B, 27, 3–8.

    Somme L. , 'The fauna of predatory bugs (Heteroptera, Miridae and Anthocoridae) in Norwegian apple orchards ' (1980 ) 27 Fauna Norvegica Ser. B : 3 -8.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bleicher, K., Orosz, A., Cross, J. V. and Markó, V. (2010): Survey of leafhoppers, planthoppers and froghoppers (Auchenorrhyncha) in apple orchards in South-East England. Acta Phytopatol. Entomol. Hung. (in press).

  • Blommers, L. H. M. (1994): Toortswants, een nieuwe plaag op appel? Fruitteelt 84, 14–15.

    Blommers L. H. M. , 'Toortswants, een nieuwe plaag op appel? ' (1994 ) 84 Fruitteelt : 14 -15.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Boivin, G. and Stewart, R. K. (1982): Identification and evaluation of damage to McIntosh apples by phytophagous mirids (Hemiptera: Miridae) in Southwestern Quebec. Canadian Entomologist 114, 1037–1045.

    Stewart R. K. , 'Identification and evaluation of damage to McIntosh apples by phytophagous mirids (Hemiptera: Miridae) in Southwestern Quebec ' (1982 ) 114 Canadian Entomologist : 1037 -1045.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Braimah, S. A., Kelton, L. A. and Stewart, R. K. (1982): The predaceous and phytophagous plant bugs (Heteroptera: Miridae) found on apple trees in Québec. Le Naturaliste Canadien 109, 153–180.

    Stewart R. K. , 'The predaceous and phytophagous plant bugs (Heteroptera: Miridae) found on apple trees in Québec ' (1982 ) 109 Le Naturaliste Canadien : 153 -180.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ciglar, I. and Schmidt, L. (1984): Fauna kukaca u jabucnjaku “Borinci“ - Vinkovci, Hrvatska, Jugoslavija. Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica 19, 83–90.

    Schmidt L. , 'Fauna kukaca u jabucnjaku “Borinci“ - Vinkovci, Hrvatska, Jugoslavija ' (1984 ) 19 Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica : 83 -90.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cleveland, M. L. and Hamilton, D. W. (1958): The insect fauna of apple trees in Southern Indiana, 1956 and 1957. Indiana Acad. Sci. 68, 205–217.

    Hamilton D. W. , 'The insect fauna of apple trees in Southern Indiana, 1956 and 1957 ' (1958 ) 68 Indiana Acad. Sci. : 205 -217.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Collyer, E. (1953): Biology of some predatory insects and mites associated with the fruit tree red spider mite ( Metatetranychus ulmi ) Koch in South-Eastern England. J. of Horticultural Science 28, 98–113.

    Collyer E. , 'Biology of some predatory insects and mites associated with the fruit tree red spider mite (Metatetranychus ulmi) Koch in South-Eastern England ' (1953 ) 28 J. of Horticultural Science : 98 -113.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fauvel, G. (1999) Diversity of Heteroptera in agro ecosystems: role of sustainability and bioindication. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment 74, 275–303.

    Fauvel G. , 'Diversity of Heteroptera in agro ecosystems: role of sustainability and bioindication ' (1999 ) 74 Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment : 275 -303.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fryer, J. C. F. and Petherbridge, F. R. (1917): Reports on further investigations on the capsids which attack apples. J. of the Board of Agriculture, London, 1, 33–44.

    Petherbridge F. R. , 'Reports on further investigations on the capsids which attack apples ' (1917 ) 1 J. of the Board of Agriculture, London : 33 -44.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Halstead, A. J. and Malumphy, C. P. (2003): Outbreak in Britain of Stephanitis takeyai Drake and Maa (Hemiptera: Tingidae), a pest of Pieris japonica . British J. of Entomology and Natural History 16, 3–6.

    Malumphy C. P. , 'Outbreak in Britain of Stephanitis takeyai Drake and Maa (Hemiptera: Tingidae), a pest of Pieris japonica ' (2003 ) 16 British J. of Entomology and Natural History : 3 -6.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kinkorová, J. and Kocourek, F. (2000): The effect of integrated pest management practices in an apple orchard on Heteroptera community structure and population dynamics. J. of Applied Entomology 124, 381–385.

    Kocourek F. , 'The effect of integrated pest management practices in an apple orchard on Heteroptera community structure and population dynamics ' (2000 ) 124 J. of Applied Entomology : 381 -385.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lattin, D. (1999): Bionomics of the Anthocoridae. Annual Review of Entomology 44, 207–231.

    Lattin D. , 'Bionomics of the Anthocoridae ' (1999 ) 44 Annual Review of Entomology : 207 -231.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Malumphy, C., MacLeod, A., Bartlett, P. and Head, J. (1998): Andromeda Lacebug ( Stephanitis takeyai Drake and Maa). Plant Pest Notice 24, 1–4. Central Science Laboratory, York, UK.

    Head J. , '', in Plant Pest Notice 24 , (1998 ) -.

  • Mészáros, Z., Ádám, L., Balázs, K., Benedek, M. I., Csikai, Cs., Draskovits, D. Á., Kozár, F., Lôvei, G., Mahunka, S., Meszleny, A., Mihályi, F., Mihályi, K., Nagy, L., Oláh, B., Papp, J., Polgár, L., Radwan, Z., Rácz, V., Ronkay, L., Solymosi, P., Soós, Á., Szabó, S., Szabóky, Cs., Szalay-Marzsó, L., Szarukán, I., Szelényi, G., Szentkirályi, F., Sziráki, Gy., Szôke, L. and Török, L. (1984): Result of faunistical and floristical studies in Hungarian apple orchards. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarium Hungaricae 19, 91–176.

    Török L. , 'Result of faunistical and floristical studies in Hungarian apple orchards ' (1984 ) 19 Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarium Hungaricae : 91 -176.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Miller, D. J. P. (2001): Deraeocoris flavilinea (A. Costa) (Hemiptera: Miridae), new to Britain. British J. of Entomology and Natural History 14, 133–136.

    Miller D. J. P. , 'Deraeocoris flavilinea (A. Costa) (Hemiptera: Miridae), new to Britain ' (2001 ) 14 British J. of Entomology and Natural History : 133 -136.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Niemczyk, E. (1972): Preliminary information on effectiveness of the bark bug (Anthocoris nemorum L.: Heteropt.-Anthocoridae) in red spider mite ( Panonychus ulmi Koch) control. Zeszyty Problemowe Postepów Nauk Rolniczych 129, 243–249.

    Niemczyk E. , 'Preliminary information on effectiveness of the bark bug (Anthocoris nemorum L.: Heteropt.-Anthocoridae) in red spider mite (Panonychus ulmi Koch) control ' (1972 ) 129 Zeszyty Problemowe Postepów Nauk Rolniczych : 243 -249.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Niemczyk, E. (1978): Campylomma verbasci Mey-Dur (Heteroptera: Miridae) as a predator of aphids and mites in apple orchards. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 48, 221–235.

    Niemczyk E. , 'Campylomma verbasci Mey-Dur (Heteroptera: Miridae) as a predator of aphids and mites in apple orchards ' (1978 ) 48 Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne : 221 -235.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Niemczyk, E. (1988): Effectiveness of the bark bug ( Anthocoris nemorum L.) as a predator of green apple aphid ( Aphis pomi De Geer). In: E. Niemczyk and A. F. G. Dixon (eds): Ecology and Effectiveness of Aphidophaga. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, pp. 279–283.

    Niemczyk E. , '', in Ecology and Effectiveness of Aphidophaga , (1988 ) -.

  • Oatman, E. R., Legner, E. F. and Brooks, R. F. (1964): An ecological study of arthropod populations on apple in north-eastern Wisconsin: Insect species present. J. of Economic Entomology 57, 978–983.

    Brooks R. F. , 'An ecological study of arthropod populations on apple in north-eastern Wisconsin: Insect species present ' (1964 ) 57 J. of Economic Entomology : 978 -983.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Péricart, J. (1996): Anthocoridae. In: B. Aukema and Ch. Rieger (eds): Catalogue of the Heteroptera of the Palaearctic Region. Vol. 2. The Netherlands Entomological Society, Amsterdam. pp. 108–140.

    Péricart J. , '', in Catalogue of the Heteroptera of the Palaearctic Region , (1996 ) -.

  • Podani, J. (2001): SYN-TAX 2000. Computer programs for data analysis in ecology and systematics. Users Manual. Scientia, Budapest.

    Podani J. , '', in SYN-TAX 2000. Computer programs for data analysis in ecology and systematics. Users Manual , (2001 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rácz, V. (1986): Composition of heteropteran populations in Hungary in apple orchards belonging to different management types and the influence of insecticide treatments on the population densities. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 21, 355–361.

    Rácz V. , 'Composition of heteropteran populations in Hungary in apple orchards belonging to different management types and the influence of insecticide treatments on the population densities ' (1986 ) 21 Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. : 355 -361.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rácz, V. and Balázs, K. (1996): Stephanitis pyri (F) as a secondary pest in an IPM apple orchard. Acta Horticulturae 422, 381–382.

    Balázs K. , 'Stephanitis pyri (F) as a secondary pest in an IPM apple orchard ' (1996 ) 422 Acta Horticulturae : 381 -382.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schaub, L., Baumgartner, J. and Delucchi, V. (1987): Anwendung multivarianter Verfahren auf die Darstellung der Heteropterenfauna unter dem Einfluss der Intensivierung des Apfelanbaus. Mitteilungen der Schweize -rischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60, 15–24.

    Delucchi V. , 'Anwendung multivarianter Verfahren auf die Darstellung der Heteropterenfauna unter dem Einfluss der Intensivierung des Apfelanbaus ' (1987 ) 60 Mitteilungen der Schweize -rischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft : 15 -24.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sigsgaard, L., Esbjerg, P. and Philipsen, H. (2006): Experimental releases of Anthocoris nemoralis F. and Anthocoris nemorum (L.) (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) against the pear psyllid Cacopsylla pyri L . (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in pear. Biological Control 39, 87–95.

    Philipsen H. , 'Experimental releases of Anthocoris nemoralis F. and Anthocoris nemorum (L.) (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) against the pear psyllid Cacopsylla pyri L. (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in pear ' (2006 ) 39 Biological Control : 87 -95.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Solomon, M. G., Cross, J. V., Fitzgerald, J. D., Campbell, C. A. M., Jolly, R. L., Olszak, R. W., Niemczyk, E. and Vogt, H. (2000): Biocontrol of pests of apples and pears in Northern and Central Europe — 3. Predators. Biocontrol Science and Technology 10, 91–128.

    Vogt H. , 'Biocontrol of pests of apples and pears in Northern and Central Europe — 3. Predators ' (2000 ) 10 Biocontrol Science and Technology : 91 -128.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steiner, H., Immendoerfer, G. and Bosch, J. (1970): The arthropods occurring on apple-trees throughout the year and possibilities for their assessment. EPPO Publications, Series A 57, 131–146.

    Bosch J. , 'The arthropods occurring on apple-trees throughout the year and possibilities for their assessment ' (1970 ) 57 EPPO Publications, Series A : 131 -146.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tamanini, L. (1962): Osservazioni sul valore specifico e sulla distribuzione dell’Heterotoma meriopterum (Scopoli) e dell’ H. planicornis (Pallas) (Hemiptera Heteroptera, Miridae). Atti dell’Academia Roveretana degli Agiati (6) 2 B (1961): 135–141.

    Tamanini L. , 'Osservazioni sul valore specifico e sulla distribuzione dell’Heterotoma meriopterum (Scopoli) e dell’ H. planicornis (Pallas) (Hemiptera Heteroptera, Miridae) ' (1962 ) 2B Atti dell’Academia Roveretana degli Agiati (6) : 135 -141.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wearing, C. H. and Colhoun, K. (1999): Development of Orius vicinus (Ribaut) (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) on different prey. Biocontrol Science and Technology 9, 327–334.

    Colhoun K. , 'Development of Orius vicinus (Ribaut) (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) on different prey ' (1999 ) 9 Biocontrol Science and Technology : 327 -334.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Zerova, M. D., Tolkanitz, V. I., Kotenko, A. G., Narolskij, N. B., Fursov, V. N., Farinetz, S. I., Kononova, S. V., Nikitenko, G. N., Melika, G. and Sviridov, S. V. (1992): Entomophages of Pests of Apple-trees in South-West Region of the USSR. Kiev, Naukova Dumka. 274 p.

    Sviridov S. V. , '', in Entomophages of Pests of Apple-trees in South-West Region of the USSR , (1992 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar