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  • 1 Punjab Agricultural University Department of Entomology Ludhiana 141004 India
  • 2 Punjab Agricultural University Department of Agricultural Meteoroloy Ludhiana 141004 India
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The average mealy bug (Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley) population was maximum (2.69, 2.40 and 1.73 adults/plant) on Parthenium hysterophorus at wasteland, in or near field and weeds present near stacks at Muktsar. At Ferozepur, the mean mealy bug population was 1.10 adults/plant on cotton. On the weeds, near or in the field, the maximum population (5.94 adult/plant) was recorded on P. hysterophorus followed by Digeria arvensis (3.74 adults/plant). The population was 2.69, 2.66 and 2.86 adults/plant on Sida acuta, Abutilon theophrasti and Achryanthus aspera, respectively. On wasteland weeds, similar trend was observed, i.e. maximum population was on P. hysterophorus (7.31 adults/plant), while minimum (3.00 adults/plant) on S. acuta, during 2008. Similar trend was followed in 2009 in Muktsar and Ferozepur but the population was lower than the previous year. Among the weeds, P. hysterophorus was the most preferred host for multiplication. During carry-over studies all the stages and ovisac was maximum, followed by detached leaves in Muktsar and in Ferozepur again on P. hysterophorus. In Ludhiana, the maximum population was observed on Hibiscus sp. followed by ratoon cotton crop.

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