View More View Less
  • 1 Hungarian Academy of Sciences Plant Protection Institute H-1525 Budapest 114 P.O.Box 102 Hungary
  • 2 University of Mysore Department of Studies in Microbiology Manasagangotri Mysore 570 006 India
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $20.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $542.00

Okra seedlings tolerated soil-borne Rhizoctonia infection in strain dependent manner. No connection was revealed between pathogenicity of strains and their origin or taxonomic position. However, the okra proved to be susceptible to strains highly pathogenic to other host plants as well. R. zeae, a species new to European flora, was as aggressive to okra as the most potent R. solani strains. The effect of Rhizoctonia infection was more prominent on mass accumulation in hypocotyls than in cotyledons. The protein content and glutathione S-transferase activity increased in parallel with the evolution of disease syndrome. Metalaxyl, an acetanilide type systemic antioomycete fungicide induced glutathione S-transferase activity in cotyledons with 24 hours a phase, and this induction was more outstanding in symptomless seedlings grown in Rhizoctonia infested soil. It might be concluded, that the stress response of plants in tolerant host/parasite pair takes effect at higher level than in susceptible relationships.

  • Abhilash, P. C., Jamil, S. and Singh, N. (2009): Transgenic plants for enhanced biodegradation and phytoremediation of organic xenobiotics RID C-2740-2009. Biotechnol. Adv. 27, 474–488.

    Singh N. , 'Transgenic plants for enhanced biodegradation and phytoremediation of organic xenobiotics RID C-2740-2009 ' (2009 ) 27 Biotechnol. Adv. : 474 -488.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Barnes, S., Prasain, J., D’Alessandro, T., Arabshahi, A., Botting, N., Lila, M. A., Jackson G., Janle, E. M. and Weaver, C. M. (2011): The metabolism and analysis of isoflavones and other dietary polyphenols in foods and biological systems. Food and Function 2, 235–244.

    Weaver C. M. , 'The metabolism and analysis of isoflavones and other dietary polyphenols in foods and biological systems ' (2011 ) 2 Food and Function : 235 -244.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Basantani, M. and Srivastava, A. (2007): Plant glutathione transferases — a decade falls short. Canadian J. Bot.- Rev., Canadienne de Botanique 85, 443–456.

    Srivastava A. , 'Plant glutathione transferases — a decade falls short ' (2007 ) 85 Canadian J. Bot.- Rev., Canadienne de Botanique : 443 -456.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Begum, M. (2006): Studies on seed-borne fungal diseases of Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Moench)] and their management. PhD Thesis, University of Mysore, India.

    Begum M. , '', in Studies on seed-borne fungal diseases of Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Moench)] and their management , (2006 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Begum, M., Ravishankar Rai, V. and Lokesh, S. (2003a): Role of bacterial and fungal bioagents in the management of some seeed-borne diseases of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench). Asian J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. Environm. Sci. 5, 575–580.

    Lokesh S. , 'Role of bacterial and fungal bioagents in the management of some seeed-borne diseases of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) ' (2003 ) 5 Asian J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. Environm. Sci. : 575 -580.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Begum, M., Ravishankar Rai, V. and Lokesh, S. (2003b): Effect of some plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on seed borne fungal pathogen in okra. Indian Phytopath. 56, 156–158.

    Lokesh S. , 'Effect of some plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on seed borne fungal pathogen in okra ' (2003 ) 56 Indian Phytopath. : 156 -158.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Begum, M., Lokesh, S., Ravishankar Rai, V., Shylaja, M. D., Kumar, B. V. and Shetty, H. S. (2005): Evaluation of certain storage conditions for okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) seeds against potential fungal pathogens. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 7, 550–554.

    Shetty H. S. , 'Evaluation of certain storage conditions for okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) seeds against potential fungal pathogens ' (2005 ) 7 Int. J. Agric. Biol. : 550 -554.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bhat, R., Rai, R. V. and Karim, A. A. (2010): Mycotoxins in Food and Feed: Present Status and Future Concerns. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Safety 9, 57–81.

    Karim A. A. , 'Mycotoxins in Food and Feed: Present Status and Future Concerns ' (2010 ) 9 Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Safety : 57 -81.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bittsánszky, A., Kőmíves, T., Gullner, G., Gyulai, G., Kiss, J., Heszky, L., Radimszky, L. and Rennenberg, H. (2005): Ability of transgenic poplars with elevated glutathione content to tolerate zinc2+ stress. Environ. Intern. 31, 251–254.

    Rennenberg H. , 'Ability of transgenic poplars with elevated glutathione content to tolerate zinc2+ stress ' (2005 ) 31 Environ. Intern. : 251 -254.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bittsánszky, A., Gyulai, G., Gullner, G., Kiss, J., Szabó, Z., Kátay, G., Heszky, L. and Kőmíves, T. (2009): In vitro breeding of grey poplar (Populus×canescens) for phytoremediation purposes. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 84, 890–894.

    Kőmíves T. , 'In vitro breeding of grey poplar (Populus×canescens) for phytoremediation purposes ' (2009 ) 84 J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. : 890 -894.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bradford, M. M. (1976): Rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal. Biochem. 72, 248–254.

    Bradford M. M. , 'Rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding ' (1976 ) 72 Anal. Biochem. : 248 -254.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Campos, V. M., Merino, I., Casado, R., Pacios, L. F. and Gomez, L. (2008): Phytoremediation of organic pollutants. Spanish J. Agric. Res. 6, 38–47.

    Gomez L. , 'Phytoremediation of organic pollutants ' (2008 ) 6 Spanish J. Agric. Res. : 38 -47.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Coleman, J., Blake-Kalff, M. and Davies, E. (1997): Detoxification of xenobiotics by plants: chemical modification and vacuolar compartmentation. Trends Plant Sci. 2, 144–151.

    Davies E. , 'Detoxification of xenobiotics by plants: chemical modification and vacuolar compartmentation ' (1997 ) 2 Trends Plant Sci. : 144 -151.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Deepak, S. A., Oros, G., Niranjan Raj, S., Shetty, N. P. and Shetty, H. S. (2004): Iprovalicarb has potential for the control of downy mildew of pearl millet. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 39, 55–69.

    Shetty H. S. , 'Iprovalicarb has potential for the control of downy mildew of pearl millet ' (2004 ) 39 Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. : 55 -69.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Del Buono, D. and Ioli, G. (2011): Glutathione S-transferases of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum): Activity toward some chemicals, safener modulation and persistence of atrazine and fluorodifen in the shoots. J. Agric. Food Chem. 59, 1324–1329.

    Ioli G. , 'Glutathione S-transferases of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum): Activity toward some chemicals, safener modulation and persistence of atrazine and fluorodifen in the shoots ' (2011 ) 59 J. Agric. Food Chem. : 1324 -1329.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Edwards, R. and Dixon, D. P. (2005): Plant glutathione transferases. In: H. Sies and L. Packer (eds): Gluthione Transferases and Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidases. Methods in Enzymology Vol. 401, pp. 169–186.

  • Francis, F., Vanhaelen, N. and Haubruge, E. (2005): Glutathione S-transferases in the adaptation to plant secondary metabolites in the Myzus persicae aphid. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. 58, 166–174.

    Haubruge E. , 'Glutathione S-transferases in the adaptation to plant secondary metabolites in the Myzus persicae aphid ' (2005 ) 58 Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. : 166 -174.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Golden, J. K. and Vangundy, S. D. (1975): Disease complex of okra and tomato involving nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, and soil-inhabiting fungus, Rhizoctonia solani. Phytopathology 65, 265–273.

    Vangundy S. D. , 'Disease complex of okra and tomato involving nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, and soil-inhabiting fungus, Rhizoctonia solani ' (1975 ) 65 Phytopathology : 265 -273.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hayes, J. D. and Pulford, D. J. (1995): The glutathione S-transferase supergene family: regulation of GST and the contribution of the isoenzymes to cancer chemoprotection and drug resistance. Critical Rev. Biochem. Molec. Biol. 30, 445–600.

    Pulford D. J. , 'The glutathione S-transferase supergene family: regulation of GST and the contribution of the isoenzymes to cancer chemoprotection and drug resistance ' (1995 ) 30 Critical Rev. Biochem. Molec. Biol. : 445 -600.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hema, L. R., Shivanna, M. B., Kumar, V., Krishnappa, M., Prakash, H. S. and Shetty, H. S. (1991): Control of seed-borne fungi in okra (Hibiscus esculentus) by fungicidal seed treatment. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 61, 778–782.

    Shetty H. S. , 'Control of seed-borne fungi in okra (Hibiscus esculentus) by fungicidal seed treatment ' (1991 ) 61 Indian J. Agric. Sci. : 778 -782.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Khalvati, M., Bartha, B., Dupigny, A. and Schroeder, P. (2010): Arbuscular mycorrhizal association is beneficial for growth and detoxification of xenobiotics of barley under drought stress. J. Soils Sedim. 10, 54–64.

    Schroeder P. , 'Arbuscular mycorrhizal association is beneficial for growth and detoxification of xenobiotics of barley under drought stress ' (2010 ) 10 J. Soils Sedim. : 54 -64.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kida, K., Tojo, M., Yano, K. and Kotani, S. (2006): First report of Pythium ultimum var. ultimum causing damping off on okra in Japan. New Disease Reports 14, 3.

    Kotani S. , 'First report of Pythium ultimum var. ultimum causing damping off on okra in Japan ' (2006 ) 14 New Disease Reports : 3 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kimenju, J. W., Mweke, A. N., Mutitu, E. W. and Mutua, G. K. (2010): Poor hosts of root knot nematodes and their application as rotation crops in okra production. African J. Hort. Sci. 3, 63–71.

    Mutua G. K. , 'Poor hosts of root knot nematodes and their application as rotation crops in okra production ' (2010 ) 3 African J. Hort. Sci. : 63 -71.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Koné, D., Mohamed, D., Soro, S., Bolou Bi, B. A. and Kouadio, Y. J. (2010): First report of Southern blight of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) caused by Sclerotium rolfsii in Côte d’Ivoire. Plant Disease 94, 1379.

    Kouadio Y. J. , 'First report of Southern blight of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) caused by Sclerotium rolfsii in Côte d’Ivoire ' (2010 ) 94 Plant Disease : 1379 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lazarovits, G. and Ward, E. W. B. (1982): Relationship between localized glyceollin accumulation and metalaxyl treatment in the control of phytophthora rot in soybean hypocotyls. Phytopathology 72, 1217–1221.

    Ward E. W. B. , 'Relationship between localized glyceollin accumulation and metalaxyl treatment in the control of phytophthora rot in soybean hypocotyls ' (1982 ) 72 Phytopathology : 1217 -1221.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Martin, F. W. (1982): Okra, potential multiple-purpose crop for the temperate zones and tropics. Econ. Bot. 36, 340–345.

    Martin F. W. , 'Okra, potential multiple-purpose crop for the temperate zones and tropics ' (1982 ) 36 Econ. Bot. : 340 -345.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mays, D. A., Buchanan, W., Bradford, B. N. and Giordano, P. M. (1990): Fuel production potential of several agricultural crops. In: J. Janick and J. E. Simon (eds): Advances in New Crops, Timber Press, Portland, OR, pp. 260–263.

    Giordano P. M. , '', in Advances in New Crops , (1990 ) -.

  • Mohan, S., Devasenapathy, D., Venilla, C. and Gill, M. S. (2010): Pest and Disease Management in Organic Ecosystem. IPM Booklet, Tamil Nadu University, India.

    Gill M. S. , '', in Pest and Disease Management in Organic Ecosystem , (2010 ) -.

  • Neuefeind, T., Reinemer, P. and Bieseler, B. (1997): Plant glutathione S-transferases and herbicide detoxification. Biol. Chem. 378, 199–205.

    Bieseler B. , 'Plant glutathione S-transferases and herbicide detoxification ' (1997 ) 378 Biol. Chem. : 199 -205.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Oros, G. (2005): Rhizoctonia species, blank area of Hungarian soil mycology. Proceedings of the 10th Conf. on Problems of Plant’s Hygiene in Human Environment (eds. G. Kövics and I. David), Debrecen University, pp. 321–329.

  • Oros, G. and Kőmíves, T. (1991): Effects of phenylamide pesticides on the GSH-conjugation system of Phytophthora spp. fungi. Z. Naturforsch. 46, 866–874.

    Kőmíves T. , 'Effects of phenylamide pesticides on the GSH-conjugation system of Phytophthora spp. fungi ' (1991 ) 46 Z. Naturforsch. : 866 -874.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Oros, G., Gullner, G. and Kőmíves, T. (2005): The influence of metalaxyl on development and remediative capacity of sweet pepper leaves. Proceedings of the 10th Conf. on Problems of Plant’s Hygiene in Human Environment (eds. G. Kövics and I. Dávid), Debrecen University, pp. 205–213.

  • Powles, S. B. and Yu, Q. (2010): Evolution in action: Plants resistant to herbicides. Ann. Rev. Plant Biol. 61, 317–347.

    Yu Q. , 'Evolution in action: Plants resistant to herbicides ' (2010 ) 61 Ann. Rev. Plant Biol. : 317 -347.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pugliese, M., Garibaldi, A. and Gullino, M. (2008): Microbial enrichment of compost with Trichoderma sp. to enhance suppressiveness against Rhizoctonia solani. Phytopathology 98, S6, S128.

    Gullino M. , 'Microbial enrichment of compost with Trichoderma sp. to enhance suppressiveness against Rhizoctonia solani ' (2008 ) 98 Phytopathology : S6 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Roxas, V. P., Wang, J., Lodhi, S. and Allen, R. D. (1997): Engineering stress tolerance in transgenic plants. Acta Physiol. Plantarum 19, 591–594.

    Allen R. D. , 'Engineering stress tolerance in transgenic plants ' (1997 ) 19 Acta Physiol. Plantarum : 591 -594.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sandermann, H. (1994): Higher plant metabolism of xenobiotics: the “green liver” concept. Pharmacogenetics, 4, 225–241

    Sandermann H. , 'Higher plant metabolism of xenobiotics: the “green liver” concept ' (1994 ) 4 Pharmacogenetics : 225 -241.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shanmugam, V., Sriram, S., Babu, S., Nandakumar, R., Raguchander, T., Balasubramanian, P. and Samiyappan, R (2001): Purification and characterization of an extracellular α-glucosidase protein from Trichoderma viride which degrades a phytotoxin associated with sheath blight disease in rice. J. Appl. Microbiol. 90, 320–329.

    Samiyappan R. , 'Purification and characterization of an extracellular α-glucosidase protein from Trichoderma viride which degrades a phytotoxin associated with sheath blight disease in rice ' (2001 ) 90 J. Appl. Microbiol. : 320 -329.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Srivastava, S., Mishra, S., Dwivedi, S. and Tripathi, R. D. (2010): Role of thiol metabolism in arsenic detoxification in Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle. Water Air and Soil Pollution 212, 155–165.

    Tripathi R. D. , 'Role of thiol metabolism in arsenic detoxification in Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle ' (2010 ) 212 Water Air and Soil Pollution : 155 -165.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Younis, M. E. and Hassan, N. M. (2008): Indices of stress associated with development of defense mechanisms in herbicide-treated Vicia faba seedlings. Agrochimica, 52, 407–416.

    Hassan N. M. , 'Indices of stress associated with development of defense mechanisms in herbicide-treated Vicia faba seedlings ' (2008 ) 52 Agrochimica : 407 -416.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Vajna, L. and Oros, G. (2005): First report of Rhizoctonia zeae in Hungary. Plant Pathol. 54, 250.

    Oros G. , 'First report of Rhizoctonia zeae in Hungary ' (2005 ) 54 Plant Pathol. : 250 -.

  • Wang, J. T., Jiang, Y. P., Chen, S. C., Xia, X. J., Shi, K., Zhou, Y. H., Yu, Y. L. and Yu, J. Q. (2010): The different responses of glutathione-dependent detoxification pathway to fungicide chlorothalonil and carbendazim in tomato leaves. Chemosphere 79, 958–965.

    Yu J. Q. , 'The different responses of glutathione-dependent detoxification pathway to fungicide chlorothalonil and carbendazim in tomato leaves ' (2010 ) 79 Chemosphere : 958 -965.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ward, E. W. B., Lazarovits, G., Stössel, P., Barrie, S. D. and Unwin, C. H. (1980): Glyceollin production associated with control of Phytophthora root rot in soybean by metalaxyl. Phytopathology 70, 738–740.

    Unwin C. H. , 'Glyceollin production associated with control of Phytophthora root rot in soybean by metalaxyl ' (1980 ) 70 Phytopathology : 738 -740.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wingate. V. P. M., Lawton, M. A. and Lamb, C. J. (1988): Glutathione causes a massive and selective induction of plant defense genes. Plant Physiol. 87, 206–210.

    Lamb C. J. , 'Glutathione causes a massive and selective induction of plant defense genes ' (1988 ) 87 Plant Physiol. : 206 -210.

    • Search Google Scholar

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2020 0 1 3
Jul 2020 0 1 0
Aug 2020 2 0 0
Sep 2020 1 1 2
Oct 2020 0 0 0
Nov 2020 1 0 0
Dec 2020 0 0 0