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  • 1 Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, BAS ul. Gagarin 2 1113 Sofia Bulgaria
  • 2 Agricultural University ul. Mendeleev 12 4000 Plovdiv Bulgaria
  • 3 Institute of Agriculture ul. Sofijsko shose 2500 Kyustendil Bulgaria
  • 4 Centre for Agric. Res. HAS Plant Protection Institute H-1022 Budapest Herman O. u. 15 Hungary
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Two-year seasonal monitoring of the flight of Phthorimaea operculella by means of pheromone traps was organized at four sites in three districts in Bulgaria: Sofia, Kyustendil and Plovdiv. Comparison between sticky traps and dry funnel traps has shown that sticky traps were much more effective in capturing of males of this pest than the dry ones. The results of our investigations showed that the pest could appear in the field as early as the end of March and also intensive flight could be observed up to the end of November. Single catches were registered even in January. However, because of overlapping of the generations, their number and periods of moth emergence was not possible to be distinguished by the catches in pheromone traps. Analyses of climatic data (mean air temperature and mean rainfall) indicated that none of the climatic variables investigated strongly affected P. operculella trap catches.

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