View More View Less
  • 1 HAS Plant Protection Institute, CAR P. O. Box 102 H-1525 Budapest Hungary
  • 2 EMBRAPA Sete Lagoas MG Rodovia, MG-424, Km 45 CEP 35701-970 Brazil
  • 3 Universidade Federal de Vicosa Department of Entomology Vicosa MG 36570-000 Brazil
  • 4 The Pennsylvania State University Department of Entomology University Park PA 16802 USA
  • 5 Rothamsted Research Department of Biological Chemistry and Crop Protection Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ UK
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $20.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $542.00

The KLP+ (“hat”) trap baited with pheromone or floral lures is a highly efficient non-sticky trap for the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica v. virgifera. We tested the suitability of this trap design for the related species, D. speciosa and D. barberi, baited with their respective lures. Both species are exotic to Europe: the former inhabits South America, and the latter occurs in some parts of North America.In screening tests performed in Brazil, several synthetic floral compounds and their combinations were found to be attractive to D. speciosa. However, the greatest effect was recorded for the previously described attractant 1,4-dimethoxybenzene. When the most active compounds in the preliminary test, 2-phenylethanol, methyl anthranilate, eugenol or benzaldehyde were added to 1,4-dimethoxybenzene, no synergistic effects were observed. When 1,4-dimethoxybenzene was formulated in three types of polyethylene (PE) dispensers in KLP+ traps, PE bag dispensers were superior to two types of PE vial dispenser, and caught hundreds of D. speciosa. Unbaited traps caught only negligible numbers. There was an interesting non-target effect. KLP+ traps with 1,4-dimethoxybenzene caught large numbers of the cornsilk fly, Euxesta eluta, which is known as a maize pest.For D. barberi, both a pheromone and a potent floral lure are already known. In tests with KLP+ traps, we found that the pheromone and floral lures can be applied together in the same trap to maximize both male and female catches.In conclusion, for early detection programs in Europe, the application of KLP+ traps baited with 1,4-dimethoxybenzene in PE bag dispensers could be recommended for D. speciosa, and KLP+ traps with dual (pheromone and floral) lures for D. barberi. In the case of D. barberi, one should note that the lures also show some attraction for D. v. virgifera, and the ratio of D. barberi vs. D. v. virgifera in the catch will be predominantly determined by the relative population densities at the given site.

  • Branson, T. F. and Krysan, J. L. (1981): Feeding and oviposition behavior and life cycle strategies of Diabrotica: An evolutionary view with implication for pest management. Environ. Entomol. 10, 826–831.

    Krysan J. L. , 'Feeding and oviposition behavior and life cycle strategies of Diabrotica: An evolutionary view with implication for pest management ' (1981 ) 10 Environ. Entomol. : 826 -831.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cruz, I., Braga da Silva, R., de Lourdes Correa Figuiredo, M., Pentedo-Dias, A. M., Laboissiere del Sarto, M. C. and Nuessly, G. S. (2011): Survey of ear flies (Diptera, Ulidiidae) in maize (Zea mays L.) and a new record of Euxesta mazorca Steyskal in Brazil. Rev. Brasil. Entomol. 55, 102–108.

    Nuessly G. S. , 'Survey of ear flies (Diptera, Ulidiidae) in maize (Zea mays L.) and a new record of Euxesta mazorca Steyskal in Brazil ' (2011 ) 55 Rev. Brasil. Entomol. : 102 -108.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Csonka, É. and Tóth, M. (2006): Comparison of KPL+ (“hat”) and VARL+ (funnel) trap types baited with allyl isothiocyanate for capture of cabbage flea beetles (Phyllotreta spp.) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Növényvédelem 42, 597–601. (in Hungarian)

    Tóth M. , 'Comparison of KPL+ (“hat”) and VARL+ (funnel) trap types baited with allyl isothiocyanate for capture of cabbage flea beetles (Phyllotreta spp.) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) ' (2006 ) 42 Növényvédelem : 597 -601.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dunn, O. J. (1961): Multiple comparisons among means. J. Amer. Stat. Assoc. 56, 52–64.

    Dunn O. J. , 'Multiple comparisons among means ' (1961 ) 56 J. Amer. Stat. Assoc. : 52 -64.

  • Gallo, D., Nakano, O., Silveira Neto, S., Carvalho, R. P. L., Baptista, G. C. de, Berti Filho, E., Parra, J. R. P., Zucchi, R. A., Alves, S. B., Vendramim, J. D., Marchini, L. C., Lopes, J. R. S. and Omoto, C. (eds) (2002): Entomologia agrícola. Piracicaba: FEALQ, 2002. (FEALQ. Biblioteca de Ciências Agrárias Luiz de Queiroz, 10), 920 p.

    '', in Entomologia agrícola , (2002 ) -.

  • Games, P. A. and Howell, J. F. (1976): Pairwise multiple comparison procedures with unequal n’s and/or variances: a Monte Carlo study. J. Educ. Stat. 1, 113–125.

    Howell J. F. , 'Pairwise multiple comparison procedures with unequal n’s and/or variances: a Monte Carlo study ' (1976 ) 1 J. Educ. Stat. : 113 -125.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gassen, D. N. (ed.) (1989): Insetos subterrâneos prejudiciais às culturas no Sul do Brasil. Passo Fundo, EMBRAPA-CNPT, 49 p.

    '', in Insetos subterrâneos prejudiciais às culturas no Sul do Brasil , (1989 ) -.

  • Guss, P. L., Sonnet, P. E., Carney, R. L., Branson, T. F. and Tumlinson, J. H. (1984): Response of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, D. v. zeae, and D. porracea to stereoisomers of 8-methyl-2-decyl propanoate. J. Chem. Ecol. 10, 1123–1131.

    Tumlinson J. H. , 'Response of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, D. v. zeae, and D. porracea to stereoisomers of 8-methyl-2-decyl propanoate ' (1984 ) 10 J. Chem. Ecol. : 1123 -1131.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Guss, P. L., Sonnet, P. E., Carney, R. L., Tumlinson, J. H. and Wilkin, P. J. (1985): Response of northern corn rootworm, Diabrotica barberi Smith and Lawrence, to steroisomers of 8-methyl-2-decyl propanoate. J. Chem. Ecol. 11, 21–26.

    Wilkin P. J. , 'Response of northern corn rootworm, Diabrotica barberi Smith and Lawrence, to steroisomers of 8-methyl-2-decyl propanoate ' (1985 ) 11 J. Chem. Ecol. : 21 -26.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Herbert, Jr. D. A., Ang, B. N. and Hodges, R. L. (1996): Attractants for adult southern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) monitoring in peanut fields and relationship of trap catch to pod damage. J. Econ. Ent. 89, 515–524.

    Hodges R. L. , 'Attractants for adult southern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) monitoring in peanut fields and relationship of trap catch to pod damage ' (1996 ) 89 J. Econ. Ent. : 515 -524.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jaccard, J., Becker, M. A. and Wood, G. (1984): Pairwise multiple comparison procedures: a review. Psychol. Bull. 96, 589–596.

    Wood G. , 'Pairwise multiple comparison procedures: a review ' (1984 ) 96 Psychol. Bull. : 589 -596.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ladd, T. L., Krysan, J. L. and Guss, P. L. (1985): Corn rootworms (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): responses to eugenol and 8R-methyl-2R-decyl propanoate. J. Econ. Ent. 78, 844–847.

    Guss P. L. , 'Corn rootworms (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): responses to eugenol and 8R-methyl-2R-decyl propanoate ' (1985 ) 78 J. Econ. Ent. : 844 -847.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Metcalf, R. L., Lampman, R. L. and Deem-Dickson, L. J. (1995): Indole as an olfactory synergist for volatile kairomones for Diabroticite beetles. J. Chem. Ecol. 21, 1149–1162.

    Deem-Dickson L. J. , 'Indole as an olfactory synergist for volatile kairomones for Diabroticite beetles ' (1995 ) 21 J. Chem. Ecol. : 1149 -1162.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Metcalf, R. L., Lampman, R. L. and Lewis, P. A. (1998): Comparative kairomonal chemical ecology of Diabroticite beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Luperini: Diabroticina) in a reconstituted tallgrass prairie ecosystem. J. Econ. Ent. 91, 881–890.

    Lewis P. A. , 'Comparative kairomonal chemical ecology of Diabroticite beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Luperini: Diabroticina) in a reconstituted tallgrass prairie ecosystem ' (1998 ) 91 J. Econ. Ent. : 881 -890.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Roelofs, W. L. and Cardé, R. T. (1977): Responses of Lepidoptera to synthetic sex pheromone chemicals and their analogues. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 22, 377–405.

    Cardé R. T. , 'Responses of Lepidoptera to synthetic sex pheromone chemicals and their analogues ' (1977 ) 22 Annu. Rev. Entomol. : 377 -405.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tóth, M. (2005): Trap types for capturing Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera. Chrysomelidae) developed by the Plant Protection Institute, HAS, (Budapest, Hungary): performance characteristics. IOBC/wprs Bulletin 28, 147–154.

    Tóth M. , 'Trap types for capturing Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera. Chrysomelidae) developed by the Plant Protection Institute, HAS, (Budapest, Hungary): performance characteristics ' (2005 ) 28 IOBC/wprs Bulletin : 147 -154.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tóth, M. (2011): From the development of pheromone traps to practical applications: the example of the western corn rootworm Diabrotica v. virgifera, invading Europe. IOBC EPS Informatsionny Byulleten 42, 45–53.

    Tóth M. , 'From the development of pheromone traps to practical applications: the example of the western corn rootworm Diabrotica v. virgifera, invading Europe ' (2011 ) 42 IOBC EPS Informatsionny Byulleten : 45 -53.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tóth, M., Sivcev, I., Ujváry, I., Tomasek, I., Imrei, Z., Horváth, P. and Szarukán, I. (2003): Development of trapping tools for detection and monitoring of Diabrotica v. virgifera in Europe. Acta Phytopath. Entomol. Hung. 38, 307–322.

    Szarukán I. , 'Development of trapping tools for detection and monitoring of Diabrotica v. virgifera in Europe ' (2003 ) 38 Acta Phytopath. Entomol. Hung. : 307 -322.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tóth, M., Szarukán, I., Voigt, E. and Kozár, F. (2004): Importance of visual and chemical stimuli in the development of an efficient trap for the European cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi L.) (Diptera, Tephritidae) Növényvédelem 40, 229–236. (in Hungarian)

    Kozár F. , 'Importance of visual and chemical stimuli in the development of an efficient trap for the European cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi L.) (Diptera, Tephritidae) ' (2004 ) 40 Növényvédelem : 229 -236.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tóth, M., Csonka, É., Szarukán, I., Vörös, G., Furlan, L., Imrei, Z. and Vuts, J. (2006): The KLP+ (“hat”) trap, a non-sticky, attractant baited trap of novel design for catching the western corn rootworm (Diabrotica v. virgifera) and cabbage flea beetles (Phyllotreta spp.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Intl. J. Hortic. Sci. 12, 57–62.

    Vuts J. , 'The KLP+ (“hat”) trap, a non-sticky, attractant baited trap of novel design for catching the western corn rootworm (Diabrotica v. virgifera) and cabbage flea beetles (Phyllotreta spp.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) ' (2006 ) 12 Intl. J. Hortic. Sci. : 57 -62.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ventura, M. U., Martins, M. C. and Pasini, A. (2000): Responses of Diabrotica speciosa and Cerotoma arcuata-tingomariana (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) to volatile attractants. Florida Ent. 83, 403–410.

    Pasini A. , 'Responses of Diabrotica speciosa and Cerotoma arcuata-tingomariana (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) to volatile attractants ' (2000 ) 83 Florida Ent. : 403 -410.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Viana, P. A. (2010): Manejo de Diabrotica speciosa na cultura do milho. Embrapa Milho e Sorgo. Circular técnica 141, 6 p.

    Viana P. A. , '', in Manejo de Diabrotica speciosa na cultura do milho , (2010 ) -.