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  • 1 Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, P.O. Box 62000-00200 Nairobi, Kenya
  • | 2 Harper Adams University, TF10 8NB, UK
  • | 3 University of Nottingham, LE12 5RD, UK
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Fusarium langsethiae, a toxigenic fungus known to contaminate small-grain cereals with type A trichothecene mycotoxins, HT-2 and T-2 was described as a new species in 2004. HT-2 and T-2 are some of the most potent Fusarium toxins in eukaryotes, capable of inhibiting protein synthesis. The epidemiology of F. langsethiae is not well understood and with the intent of the European Commission to set maximum levels of contamination of cereals with these toxins, importance is currently placed in trying to understand the fungal infection process and its favorable growth conditions. A field study was carried out to investigate the effect of artificially inoculated oats straw, ploughing and minimum tillage with and without incorporated crop debris (straw) on infection and mycotoxin production by F. langsethiae on oats cultivar Gerald. The results indicated that cultural field practices had effects on the infection of oats by F. langsethiae. Fusarium langsethiae DNA was quantified in significantly larger amounts (p<0.05) in minimum tilled with incorporated straw plot samples than in other plot samples. It was also shown that inoculated straw had no significant effect (p>0.05) on oat infection by F. langsethiae as quantified by DNA concentration. HT-2+T-2 quantification and analysis, gave no good evidence that either inoculation or cultural practice had any significant influence on the concentration of mycotoxins in the samples (p>0.05), but samples from minimum tillage with incorporated straw plots resulted in 2.5 times more HT-2+T-2 toxins than samples from ploughed with removed straw. These findings indicate the importance of tillage and crop debris management in the mitigation in an effort to prevent F. langsethiae infection, colonization and possible contamination of oats with HT-2 and T-2 toxins.

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  • Pál BENEDEK (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • José Antonio Hernández CORTÉS (CEBAS – Spanish National Research Council)
  • Tibor ÉRSEK (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • Wittko FRANCKE (University of Hamburg)
  • László HORNOK (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • József HORVÁTH (University of Pannonia, Faculty of Georgikon)
  • Mehmet Bora KAYDAN (Cukurova University)
  • Zoltán KIRÁLY (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
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  • Karl-Heinz KOGEL (University of Giessen)
  • Jenő KONTSCHÁN (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Tamás KŐMÍVES (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • László PALKOVICS (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • Miklós POGÁNY (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • James E. SCHOELZ (University of Missouri)
  • Stefan SCHULZ (Technical University of Braunschweig)
  • Andrzej SKOCZOWSKI (Pedagogical University of Kraków)
  • Gábor SZŐCS (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Miklós TÓTH (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Ferenc VIRÁNYI (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
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2020  
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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
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