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  • 1 Gorgan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Gorgan, Iran
  • | 2 Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • | 3 Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran
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The objective of the current study was to determine the insecticidal effectiveness of diatomaceous earth formulation (DE) Paya®. The effects of grain commodity (wheat, barley, maize and rice), exposure times and dose rates were evaluated. The efficacy of diatomaceous earth (DE) against 1–7 days old adults of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) was evaluated on wheat, rice, maize and barley at 26±1 °C and 60±5% RH in darkness. The mortality of adults was tested at five concentrations: 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 g/kg of grain and different exposure times (24, 48 h, 7 and 14 d). To evaluate the progeny production, dead and alive adults were removed from containers after 14 days and these containers were kept at above-mentioned conditions for 45 days. The results obtained indicated that the highest adult mortality was observed after the longest exposure period on barley and wheat so that the two highest DE dosages caused 100% mortality of T. castaneum. The efficacy of Paya® on maize and rice was not satisfactory, given that after a 14 days exposure at the highest dose rate the mortality did not exceed 37% and 66% in the case of maize and rice, respectively. The results demonstrated that the mortality increased with rises in concentration and exposure time and also highly affected by grain type.

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Jenő KONTSCHÁN 
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  • Pál BENEDEK (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • José Antonio Hernández CORTÉS (CEBAS – Spanish National Research Council)
  • Tibor ÉRSEK (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • Wittko FRANCKE (University of Hamburg)
  • László HORNOK (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • József HORVÁTH (University of Pannonia, Faculty of Georgikon)
  • Mehmet Bora KAYDAN (Cukurova University)
  • Zoltán KIRÁLY (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Levente KISS (University of Southern Queensland)
  • Karl-Heinz KOGEL (University of Giessen)
  • Jenő KONTSCHÁN (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Tamás KŐMÍVES (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • László PALKOVICS (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • Miklós POGÁNY (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • James E. SCHOELZ (University of Missouri)
  • Stefan SCHULZ (Technical University of Braunschweig)
  • Andrzej SKOCZOWSKI (Pedagogical University of Kraków)
  • Gábor SZŐCS (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Miklós TÓTH (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Ferenc VIRÁNYI (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • Pedro Díaz VIVANCOS (CEBAS – Spanish National Research Council)

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2020  
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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Language English
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2020 Volume 55
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