View More View Less
  • 1 Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $20.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $542.00

The endomycorrhizal fungi diversity in the rhizosphere of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and the evaluation of root mycorrhizal level were studied in six regions of Morocco: Tahla, Sefrou, Souk Larbae, Souk Tlat, Ouazzane and Jarf Melha. All chickpea roots are carrying endomycorrhizal structures. Root mycorrhizal parameters varied from one site to another, and the highest frequency and intensity of mycorrhization was recorded in the roots of chickpea plants at the two sites Tahla and Jarf Melha respectively, 83%, 33% and 25.03%. In addition, the highest arbuscular content was also noted in the roots of plants growing in the site of Tahla (22.18%) while the lowest content was noted at the site of Sefrou (2.07%). However, the vesicles were not observed in all the sites.

The highest numbers of endomycorrhizal spores were recorded in the rhizosphere of plants collected in Jarf Melha and Tahla, respectively, 74 and 41 spores / 100 g soil. All spores found in the studied sites are represented by 22 morphotypes belonging to 7 genera: Glomus (13 species), Acaulospora (4 species), Gigaspora (one species), Radekera (one species), Entrophospora (one species), Pacispora (one species), Dentiscutata (one species).

  • Amossé, C., Jeuffroy, M. H. and David, C. (2013): Relay intercropping of legume cover crops in organic winter wheat. Effects on performance and resource availability. Field Crops Research 145, 7887.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Attitchabi, J., Coyne, D., Hountondji, F., Lawouin, L., Wiemken, A. and Oehl, F. (2008): Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the ‘Yam Belt’ of West Africa. African J. Biotechnol. 56, 256268.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Azcon-Aguilar, C., Palenzuela, J., Roldan, A., Bautsta, S., Vallejo, R. and Barea, J. M. (2003): Analysis of the mycorrhizal potential in the rhizosphere of representative plant species from desertification-threatened Mediterranean shrublands. Appl. Soil Ecology 22, 2937.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bever, J. D., Morton, J. B., Antonovics, J. and Schultz, P. A. (1996): Host-dependent sporulation and species diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in mown grassland. J. Ecol. 84, 7182.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Blaszkowski, J., Adamska, I. and Madej, T. (2002): Glomus lamellosum (Glomales, Zygomycota), an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal species new for Poland and Europe. Mycotaxon 81, 281292.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Boudarga, K., Dalpé, Y., Beryouni, K., Saber, N. and Kandil, M. (2015): Impact of crop rotation on mycorrhizal fungi in irrigated soils of the Doukkala (Morocco). International J. Environmental and Agriculture Research 1, 4855.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brundrett, M. C. (1991): Mycorrhizas in natural ecosystems. In: A. Macfayden, M. Begon and A. H. Fitter (eds): Advances in Ecological Research, Vol. 21, Academic Press, London, pp. 171313.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chibani, R. (2011): Evaluation de la pratique du Semis Direct en Tunisie. Stabilité structurale et séquestration du carbone dans les Sols, 21 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chliyeh, M., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Filali-Maltouf, A., El Modafar, C., Moukhli, A., Oukabli, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2014): Effect of a composite endomycorrhizal inoculum on the growth of olive trees under nurseries conditions in Morocco. Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 2, 114.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cordovilla, M. P., Ocana, A., Ligero, F. and Lluch, C. (1995): Salinity effects on growth analysis and nutrient composition in four grain legumes-Rhizobium symbiosis. J. Plant Nutr. 18, 15951609.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Delgado, M. J., Ligero, F. and Lluch, C. (1994): Effects of salt stress on growth and nitrogen fixation by pea, faba-bean, common bean and soybean plants. Soil Biol. Biochem. 26, 371376.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Derkowska, E., Sas-Paszt, L., Sumorok, B., Szwonek, E. and Gluszek, S. (2008): The influence of mycorrhization and organic mulches on mycorrhizal frequency in apple and strawberry roots. J. Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 16, 227242.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • El Asri, A., Talbi, Z., Ait Aguil, F., Chliyeh, M., Sghir, F., Touati, J., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2014): Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Rhizosphere of carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) in Morocco. Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 2, 286297.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • El Baghati, H. (1995): La production des légumineuses alimentaires au Maroc. Al Awamia 89, 7782.

  • El Hazzat, N., Artib, M., El Gabardi, S., Touati, J., Chliyeh, M., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2017): Study of the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the highway slopes of Taza region (North-East of Morocco), Annual Research and Review in Biology 17, 110.

  • Farzaneh, M., Vierheilig, H., Lössl, A. and Kaul, H. P. (2011): Arbuscular mycorrhiza enhances nutrient uptake in chickpea. Plant Soil Environ. 57, 465470.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fortin, J. A., Plenchette, C. and Piché, Y. (2008): Les mycorhizes, La nouvelle révolution verte. Editions Multimondes, 135 p.

  • Gerdemann, J. W. and Nicolson, T. H. (1963): Spores for mycorrhizalendogone species extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 46, 235244.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gianinazzi-Pearson, V., Dumas-Gaudot, E., Gollotte, A., Tahiri-Alaoui, A. and Gianinaizzi, S. (1996): Cellular and molecular defence-related root reponses to invasion by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytol. 113, 4557.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Graham, P. H. and Vance, C. P. (2003): Legumes, importance and constraints to greater use –update on legume utilization. Plant Physiol. 131 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Haas, J. H. and Menge, J. A. (1990): VA-mycorrhizal fungi and soil characteristics in avocado (Persea americana Mill.) orchard soils. Plant and Soil 127, 207212.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hardy, R. W. H. and Hoolsten, R. D. (1985): Biological nitrogen fixation innaturel and agricultural habitats. In: M. H. Chafi (ed.): Etude préliminaire sur l’effet de quelques microéléments sur la fixation symbiotique d’azote. Diplôme des études supérieures de Biologie, Université d’Es Sénia, 62 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harrison, M. J. (1997): The arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis, an underground association. Trends in Plant Science 2, 5460.

  • INVAM (2014): International culture collection of (vesicular) arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. Available:http://invam.wvu.edu/thefungi/species-descriptions.

  • Kachkouch, W., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Filali Maltouf, A., El Modafar, C., Moukhli, A., Oukabli, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2012): Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi species associated with rhizosphere of Olea europaea L. in Morocco. J. Animal and Plant Sciences 15, 22752287.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kachkouch, W., Touati, J., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Filali-Maltouf, A., El Modafar, C., Moukhli, A., Oukabli, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2014): Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the rhizosphere of Olea europaea in three regions of Morocco (Tafilalt, Zagora and Taounate). Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 2, 178195.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Karagiannidis, N. and Hadjisavva-Zinoviadi, S. (1998): The mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae enhances growth, yield and chemical composition of a durum wheat variety in 10 different soils. Nut. Cycl. in Agroecosys 52, 17.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Khidir, H. H., Eudy, D. M., Porras-Alfaro, A., Herrera, J., Natvig, D. O. and Sinsabaugh, R. L. (2010): A general suite of fungal endophytes dominates the roots of two dominant grasses in a semiarid grassland. J. Arid. Environments 74, 3542.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lahlou, S., Ouadia, M., Malam Issa, O., Le Bissonnais, Y. and Mrabet, R. (2005): Modification de la porosité du sol sous les techniques culturales de conservation en zone semi-aride Marocaine. Etude et Gestion des Sols 12, 6976.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lambers, H., Raven, J. A., Shaver, G. R. and Smith, S. E. (2008): Plant nutrient-acquisition strategies change with soil age. Trends in ecology and evolution 23, 95103.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leal, P. L., Stürmer, S. L. and Siqueira, J. O. (2009): Occurrence and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in trap cultures from soils under different land use systems in the Amazon, Brazil. Brazilian J. Microbiol. 40, 111121.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mandyam, K. and Jumpponen, A. (2005): Abundance and possible functions of the root-colonising dark septale endophytic fungi. Stud. Mycol. 53, 173189.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mosse, B. (1973): Advances in the study of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 11, 171196.

  • Mouelhi, B., Slim, S., Arfaoui, S., Boussalmi, A., Jarrahi, T. and Ben Jeddi, F. (2016): Impact de la rotation uulturale et du mode de semis sur les composantes physico-chimiques du sol et analyse de l’évolution des mycorhizes. Int. Multilingual J. Science and Technology 1, 7081.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mougel, C., Offre, P., Ranjard, L., Corberand, T., Gamalero, E., Robin, C. and Lemanceau, P. (2006): Dynamic of the genetic structure of bacterial and fungal communities at different development stages of Medicago truncatula Jemalong J5. New Phytologist 170, 165175.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nicolson, T. H. (1960): Mycorrhizae in the Gramineae II. Development in different habitats, particularly sand dunes. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc 43, 132145.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oehl, F., Sieverding, E., Ineichen, K., Mäder, P., Boller, T. and Wiemken, A. (2003): Impact of land use intensity on the species diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in agroecosystems of Central Europe. Appl. Environ. Microbiol 69, 28162824.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oehl, F., Sieverding, E., Palenzuela, J., Ineichen, K. and Alves da Silva, G. (2011): Advances in Glomeromycota taxonomy and classification. IMA Fungus 2, 1919.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Philips, J. M. and Hayman, D. S. (1970): Improved procedures for clearing roots and staining parasitic and vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 55, 158161.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sanaa, M. (1993): Dynamique et bilan de l’azote minéral dans quelques sols calcaires en Tunisie. Thèse de Doctorat. Université de Gent, Belgique 175 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Selmaoui, K., Artib, M., Semane, F., El Gabardi, S., Hibilik, N., El Aymani, I., Chliyeh, M., Mouria, A., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2017): Diversity of endomycorrhizal fungi (A.M.F.) in the rhizosphere of sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum) grown in Morocco. Int. J. Recent Scientific Research 8, 1575315761.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sghir, F., Chliyeh, M., Kachkouch, W., Khouader, M., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2013): Mycorrhizal status of Olea europaea spp. oleaster in Morocco. J. Appl. Biosciences 61, 44784489.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sghir, F., Touati, J., Chliyeh, M., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Filali-Maltouf, A., Cherkaoui, E., Moukhli, A., Oukabli, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2015): Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the rhizosphere of date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) in Tafilalt and Zagora regions (Morocco). The American J. Science and Medical 1, 3039.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shi, Z Y., Wang, F. and WeI, Y. L. (2007): Natural forest and forest plantation affect diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the Rhizosphere of Diptorocarpaceae. American-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 2, 411416.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, S. E. and Read, D. J. (2008): Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. 3rd ed. Academic Press, London, 750 p.

  • Soussi, M., Ocana, A. and Lluch, C. (1998): Effects of salt stress on growth, photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J. Exp. Bot. 49, 13291337.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • St-Arnaud, M. and Vujanovic, V. (2007): Effect of the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis on plant diseases and pests. In: C. Hamel and C. Plenchette (eds): Mycorrhizae in Crop Production. Haworth Food and Agricultural Products Press, Binghampton, NY, pp. 67122.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stutz, J. C., Coperman, R., Martin, C. A. and Morton, J. B. (2000): Patterns of species composition and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in arid region of southwestern north America and Namibia, Africa. Can. J. Bot. 78, 237245.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Talbi, Z., Chliyeh, M., Selmaoui, K., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2014): Mycorrhizal status Juncus maritimus, riparian species of Sidi Boghaba Reserve (Northwest of Morocco). Int. J. Recent Scientific Research 5, 792795.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Talbi, Z., El Asri, A., Touati, J., Chliyeh, M., Ait Aguil, F., Selmaoui, K., Sghir, F., Ouazzani Touhami, A., Benkirane, R. and Douira, A. (2015): Morphological characterization and diversity of endomycorrhizae in the rhizosphere of carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua) in Morocco. Biolife 3, 196211.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thomsen, M. H. and Haugaard-Nielsen, H. (2008): Sustainable bioethanol production combining biorefinery principals using combined raw materials from wheat undersown with clover-grass J. Ind. Microbiol Biotechnol. 35, 303311.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Trouvelot, A., Kough, J. L. and Gianinazzi-Pearson,V. (1986): Mesure du taux de mycorhization VA d’un système radiculaire. Recherche de méthodes d’estimation ayant une signification fonctionnelle. In: V. Gianinazzi-Pearson and S. Gianinazzi (eds): Physiological and Genetical Aspects of Mycorrhizae. INRA Press, Paris, pp. 217221.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Udvardi, M. and Poole, P. S. (2013): Transport and metabolism in Legume-Rhizobia symbioses. Annual Rev. Plant Biol. 64, 781805.

  • Utobo, E. B., Ogbodo, E. N. and Nwogbaga, A. C. (2011): Techniques for extraction and quantification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Libyan Agriculture Research Center J. International 2, 6878.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Valantin-Morison, M., Butier, A., Berder, J. and Pinochet, X. (2012): Crop growth and nitrogen utilization of a Mixture of Winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus-WOSR) and legume in multi-local trials. Proc. of the XIIth Congress of the European Society of Agronomy, Helsinki, pp. 1924.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Walker, C. (1992): Systematic and taxonomy of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Agronomie 12, 887897.

  • Wery, J. and Grignac, P. (1983): Les utilisations des légumineuses et leurs importances économiques. II syst. 4 in fiche technique de la fixation symbiotique de l’azote FAO.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

 

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.

 

 

  • Scimago Journal Rank(2019): 0.177
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 19
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q4 Insect Science
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q4 Plant Science

 

  • Scimago Journal Rank(2018): 0.198
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 17
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q4 Insect Science
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q4 Plant Science

Language: English

Founded in 1966
Publication: One volume of two issues annually
Publication Programme: 2020. Vol. 55.
Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Chemical Abstracts
  • Elsevier GEO Abstracts
  • Globals Health
  • Referativnyi Zhurnal
  • SCOPUS
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

Subscribers can access the electronic version of every printed article.

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Barna, Balázs

Editorial Board

      Benedek, P. (Mosonmagyaróvár)
      Hernández J.A. (Murcia, Spain)
      Érsek, T. (Mosonmagyaróvár)
      Francke, W. (Hamburg)
      Hornok, L. (Gödöllő)
      Horváth, J. (Keszthely)
      Király, Z. (Budapest)
      Kiss, L. (Budapest)
      Kogel, K.-H. (Giessen)
      Kőmíves, T. (Budapest)
      Palkovics, L. (Budapest)
      Schoelz, J. E. (Columbia, Missouri)
      Schulz, S. (Braunschweig)
      Seybold, S. (Davis)
      Skoczowski A. (Cracow)
      Szőcs, G. (Budapest)
      Tóth, M. (Budapest)
      Virányi, F. (Gödöllő)
      Diaz-Vivancos P. (Murcia, Spain)

Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
P.O. Box 102
H-1525 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (36 1) 487 7534
Fax: (36 1) 487 7555
E-mail: acta@agrar.mta.hu