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  • 1 1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • | 2 2 Plant Protection Research Department, West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO, Urmia, Iran
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Plutella xylostella has become particularly notorious for its resistance to various insecticides. The toxicities of abamectin, hexaflumuron and indoxacarb to third instar larvae of the pest were assayed using the leaf-dipping method. The results showed that abamectin and indoxacarb with the lowest LC50 values exhibited stronger toxicity to larvae than hexaflumuron. To determine the synergism of PBO, DEM, DEF and TPP on the toxicity of tested insecticides and demonstrating possible biochemical mechanisms, an abamectin-, a hexaflu-muron- and an indoxacarb-resistant strain of P. xylostella were selected under laboratory conditions. After 10 generations of selection, the selected strains developed 14.21, 7.08, and 32.36-fold higher resistance to these insecticides, respectively. Abamectin resistance in abamectin-selected strain was suppressed with the synergists such as DEM and PBO, suggesting the involvement of monooxygeneses and glutathione S-transferase in the development of resistance in P. xylostella. Treatment with PBO and DEF significantly decreased the toxicity of hexaflumuron in the hexaflumuron-selected strain. Also, in indoxacarb-selected strain, the maximum synergism was occurred using PBO and DEF, followed by DEM and TPP. Hexaflumuron and indoxacarb synergism studies indicated in hexaflumuron resistance, monooxygenases and esterases, and in indoxacarb resistance, monooxygenases, esterases and glutathione S-transferae may be involved in the resistance mechanisms

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Journal Rank
Quartile Score
Insect Science Q4
Plant Science Q4
Cite Score
Cite Score Rank
Insect Science 129/153 (Q4)
Plant Science 353/445 (Q4)
Days from submission to acceptance 64
Days from acceptance to publication 209


Journal Rank
Quartile Score
Insect Science Q4
Plant Science Q4
Cite Score
Cite Score Rank
Insect Science 125/142 (Q4)
Plant Science 344/431 (Q4)


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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
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