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  • 1 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran
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The efficacy of single and combined application of Trichoderma harzianum and Pseudomonas fluorescens (CHA0) in the controlling of Meloidogyne javanica on tomato plants was evaluated under green house conditions. Seeds of the susceptible tomato cv. Early-Urbana were sown in clean plastic pots containing 1.5 kg steam sterilized soil. Four weeks after planting, the soil of each pot was infested with a suspension of 20 ml/kg soil of T. harzianum (106 spores/ ml) and a suspension of 15 ml/kg soil of P. fluorescens (CHA0) (108 CFU/ ml). Soil of other pots were infested with the two tested bio-agents together as a combined application. Seven days later, plants in all pots, except the controls, were inoculated with M. javanica at initial population densities of 1, 2 or 4 eggs/ cm3 soil. Sixty days after nematode inoculation, the parameters of plant growth and nematode reproduction were determined. Results showed that the nematode reproduction factor (Rf) on the plants infected with 1, 2 and 4 eggs/ cm3 decreased by 58, 63 and 31% after the single application of T. harzianum, 11, 33 and 12% after the single application of P. fluorescens (CHA0) and 43, 55 and 49% after the combined application of the bio-agents, respectively. Combined application of the two bio-agents was found to be the most effective in controlling the higher initial population density of the nematode (4 eggs/ cm3).

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Jenő KONTSCHÁN 
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  • José Antonio Hernández CORTÉS (CEBAS – Spanish National Research Council)
  • Tibor ÉRSEK (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • Wittko FRANCKE (University of Hamburg)
  • László HORNOK (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • József HORVÁTH (University of Pannonia, Faculty of Georgikon)
  • Mehmet Bora KAYDAN (Cukurova University)
  • Zoltán KIRÁLY (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Levente KISS (University of Southern Queensland)
  • Karl-Heinz KOGEL (University of Giessen)
  • Jenő KONTSCHÁN (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Tamás KŐMÍVES (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • László PALKOVICS (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
  • Miklós POGÁNY (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • James E. SCHOELZ (University of Missouri)
  • Stefan SCHULZ (Technical University of Braunschweig)
  • Andrzej SKOCZOWSKI (Pedagogical University of Kraków)
  • Gábor SZŐCS (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Miklós TÓTH (Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute)
  • Ferenc VIRÁNYI (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences)
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2020  
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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
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2020 Volume 55
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