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  • 1 Kovászna Megyei Pszichopedagógiai Tanácsadó Központ 520004 Sepsiszentgyörgy Victor Babes 15/C Románia
  • 2 Szegedi Tudományegyetem Pszichiátriai Klinika, Magatartástudományi Csoport Szeged
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Kutatásunkban a proszocialitás és az élet értelmességére irányuló keresés szerepét vizsgáltuk a szerhasználattal összefüggésben erdélyi serdülőkorúak mintájában (N = 980, átlagéletkor = 14 év, a minta 59,7%-a fiú). Míg az első változó kapcsolata a szerhasználattal széleskörűen vizsgált, a második változóval kapcsolatban az empirikus eredmények hiányosak és ellentmondásosak. A logisztikus regresszióelemzés az értelemkeresés és a proszocialitás nemenként eltérő összefüggés-mintázatát tárta fel a dohányzási és szeszesital-fogyasztási státusz vonatkozásában. Az élet értelmességére irányuló keresés a fiúk esetében mindkét vizsgált pszichoaktív szer (dohányzás: OR = 0,893, p<0,01; 95%-os CI = 0,855–0,917; szeszesital-fogyasztás: OR = 0,884, p<0,001; 95% CI = 0,835–0,928) esetében negatív prediktornak bizonyult, a lányok esetében viszont csak a szeszesital-fogyasztás esetében (OR = 0,963, p<0,01; 95% CI = 0,935–0,999). Továbbá, a lányok körében a konstruktív magatartás a dohányzásra (OR = 0,905, p<0,001; 95% CI = 0,879–0,938), valamint a szeszesitalfogyasztásra (OR = 0,934, p<0,05; 95% CI = 0,899–0,971) vonatkozóan bizonyult védőfaktornak, az együttműködés pedig a szeszesital-fogyasztással (OR = 0,951, p<0,05; 95% CI = 0,921–0,992) mutatott összefüggést. A fiúk esetében a szociális aktivitás a dohányzás (OR = 0,917, p<0,05; 95% CI = 0,871–0,941) és a szeszesital-fogyasztás (OR = 0,891, p<0,01; 95% CI = 0,851–0,937) megbízható prediktora. Eredményeink megerősítik a proszocialitás és az élet értelmességére irányuló keresés lehetséges egészségvédő következményeit a serdülőkorú populációban.

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  • Dégi, László Csaba,Babeş-Bolyai Tudományegyetem, Kolozsvár, Románia
  • Demetrovics, Zsolt, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest
  • Konkolÿ Thege, Barna - Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care,
    Penetanguishene, Canada
  • Kósa, Karolina, University of Debrecen, Debrecen
  • Novák, Márta, University of Toronto, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
  • Pikó, Bettina, University of Szeged, Szeged
  • Rácz, József, Semmelweis University, Budapest
  • Tiringer, István, University of Pécs, Pécs

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