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Különböző pszichológiai módszereket már régóta alkalmaznak nem csak fájdalomcsökkentés céljából, hanem a legkülönfélébb kognitív módszereket igénylő klinikai helyzetekben is. A klinikumban és a rehabilitációban használatos pszichológiai módszerekkel történő fájdalomcsökkentés mellett a placebo-fájdalomcsillapítás is egyre inkább kutatott és feltárt jelensége az orvostudománynak. Mindkettő hatásmechanizmusában fontos szerepet játszik az orvos—beteg kapcsolat minősége. A beteg vonatkozásában a kognitív pszichológiai módszerek közül a képzelet alkalmazásának lehet nagy jelentősége sok esetben, főként azért, mert egy betegség vagy sérülés során a személy könnyen olyan regresszív munkamódba kerülhet, amelyben az elsődleges folyamatok, így a képzelet is, felerősödnek. Ezért a betegek képzeletének terápiás folyamatba való bevonása az egyik lehetséges módja annak, hogy minél szélesebb körben kihasználjuk a pszichoszociális tényezőkben rejlő gyógyító lehetőségeket és gyorsítsuk a gyógyulás folyamatát. Jelen összefoglaló keretében a képzelőerő terápiás alkalmazására vonatkozó szakirodalom néhány elemét kívánjuk bemutatni, elsősorban arra a kérdésre koncentrálva, hogy a képzelőerő milyen módon játszhat szerepet a különböző betegségekkel kapcsolatban megjelenő fájdalomcsillapítás területén.

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