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  • 1 ELTE PPK Pszichológiai Intézet Pszichológiai Doktori Iskola Budapest
  • 2 Vas Megyei Markusovszky Kórház Nonprofit Zrt. 9700 Szombathely 11-es Huszár út 138.
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A hála gyakorta átélt társas érzelmeink egyike. Jellemzően olyan helyzetekhez kötődik, amelyekben azt észleljük, hogy a másik személy (szándékos) cselekvése ránk nézve pozitív következménnyel jár, vagyis számunkra valamilyen módon hasznos. A hála megjelenhet vallási kontextusba ágyazottan vagy attól függetlenül, egy olyan általánosabb életszemlélet részeként is, amely az életünk pozitív aspektusainak felismerésével és fokozott értékelésével függ össze. A kétezres évektől kezdve (döntően a pozitív pszichológia térnyeréséhez kapcsolódóan) ugrásszerűen megnőtt a hálával kapcsolatos tudományos publikációk, azon belül is főként a hála és egyes személyiségvonások, a jóllét, a pszichopatológiák, a társas kapcsolatok és a megküzdés összefüggéseit feltáró empirikus kutatások száma. A jelen tanulmány célja egyfelől annak bemutatása, hogyan gondolkodik a pszichológia tudománya a hála természetéről, milyen módon konceptualizálja és teszi mérhetővé azt; másrészt azoknak a kutatási eredményeknek az áttekintése, amelyek a hála átélése és kifejezése, valamint a mentális egészség és boldogság közötti összefüggéseket vizsgálják. Végül olyan terápiás intervenciók is említésre kerülnek, amelyek hatékonynak bizonyultak a hála, és azon keresztül a jóllét fokozása szempontjából.

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