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  • 1 Semmelweis University Budapest, Budapest, Hungary
  • | 2 Child Psychology Service, Vecsés, Hungary
  • | 3 Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
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Introduction

Although REM sleep plays an important role in neural maturation, developmental aspects of dream research are relatively neglected compared to studies focusing on adults. Adult research found that REM sleep and dreams take certain roles in emotional adaptation, including the processing of emotional events, consolidation of emotional memories and the downregulation of reactions to dysphoric stimuli. These findings, however, are rarely discussed in a developmental perspective.

Aims

We aim to test the neurocognitive dream theory developed by Nielsen and Levine (2007) by investigating the associations among abilities of waking emotional processing, behavioral manifestations of emotional problems and the emotional aspects of dreaming in children.

Methods

We analyzed 349 dream reports of 40 children between the ages of 4 to 8 years. Dream emotions, emotional dream quality and the dreams’ effect on daytime’s mood were self-reported by the children. Wakeful emotional processing is measured by the Emotional Stroop Test for children, and emotional–behavioral problems were assessed by the parent version of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).

Results

Results show that negative dream quality and the dreams’ effect on daytime mood are associated with negative emotional adaptation measured by the SDQ (τ = .25, p = .031, τ = .24, p = .041 respectively). Children with more emotional problems reported more dreams (τ = .32, p = .004). Interestingly, we could not find relationship between dream emotions and waking emotional development measures.

Conclusion

Results support psychological models of dreaming assuming a role of dreams in emotional regulation and provide partial support for the plausibility of Levin and Nielsen’s neurocognitive theory in a developmental context. Further studies on emotional development and dreaming are needed to gain more insight in the generalizability of the connection between emotional processing during wakeful functioning and REM sleep.

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Adrienne STAUDER

Editor(s): Edit CZEGLÉDI

Editorial Board

  • László Csaba DÉGI (Babeş-Bolyai Tudományegyetem, Kolozsvár, Románia)
  • Zsolt DEMETROVICS (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Barna KONKOLŸ THEGE (Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care, Penetanguishene, Canada)
  • Karolina KÓSA (University of Debrecen, Debrecen)
  • Márta NOVÁK (University of Toronto, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada)
  • Bettina PIKÓ (University of Szeged, Szeged)
  • József RÁCZ (Semmelweis University, Budapest; Eötvös University, Budapest)
  • István TIRINGER (University of Pécs, Pécs)

Editorial Correspondence: Czeglédi, Edit
Institute of Behavioural Sciences
Semmelweis University
Nagyvárad tér 4.
H-1089 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (36 1) 210 2930 ext. 56151 ---- Fax: (36 1) 210 2955
E-mail: mentalhigiene.pszichoszomatika@gmail.com

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2020  
Scimago
H-index
11
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,15
Scimago
Quartile Score
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology Q4
Psychiatry and Mental Health Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
23/67=0,3
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology 57/60 (Q4)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 452/502 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,24
Scopus
Cites
77
Scopus
Documents
14
Days from submission to acceptance 140
Days from acceptance to publication 90

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
10
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,127
Scimago
Quartile Score
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology Q4
Psychiatry and Mental Health Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
26/70=0,4
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology 59/61 (Q4)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 442/506 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,135
Scopus
Cites
67
Scopus
Documents
18

 

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Mentálhigiéné és Pszichoszomatika
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2000
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2021 Volume 22
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