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  • 1 Pszichológiai Intézet, Szeged
  • 2 Doktori Iskola, Budapest
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A stresszel való egyéni megküzdés modelljei mellett mind elméleti, mind gyakorlati szempontból egyre inkább előtérbe kerülnek a megküzdés társas folyamatai. Elméleti összefoglalónkban ezért bemutatjuk a párkapcsolati stressz és megküzdés leírására létrejött különböző modelleket, ezek között a Kapcsolatfókuszú Megküzdési Modellt; a Rendszer- Tranzakciós Modellt; a Fejlődési-Kontextuális Megküzdési Modellt; valamint a Kapcsolati Intimitás Modellt. Az egyes elméleteket annak alapján hasonlítjuk össze, hogy milyen típusú kapcsolati stresszfajtákat integrálnak a modellben, illetve összevetjük az elméletek által leírt különböző megküzdési stratégiákat. Ismertetjük továbbá a diádikus megküzdés empirikus vizsgálatára létrehozott kérdőíves mérőeszközöket és kutatási elrendezéseket, valamint bemutatjuk az egyes elméletek alapján létrehozott gyakorlati, terápiás lehetőségeket is. Összességében megállapíthatjuk, hogy a páros stressz és megküzdés bemutatott modelljei egyrészt jól értelmezhetők a kapcsolati tudomány (relationship science) tágabb elméleti keretében, másrészt megfelelő alapot adnak a gyakorlati alkalmazás számára is.

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