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This paper discusses several prose epic works of modern Hungarian and Croatian literature which attempt to characterize each other through stereotypes formed about the other. Setting the characterizations of “the foreign” and of “the own” in prose epic works follows the demands of the national narrative in both literary traditions.*

  • M. S. Fischer , Nationale Images als Gegenstand vergleichender Literaturwissenschaft. Bonn 1981. More recently, although following a Positivist tradition, see I. D. Molnár , The Hungarians in Modern Polish Literature 1919–1989. Szombathely 2003.

  • I consulted the following editions: Eseji. Knjiga 1. Zagreb 1932; Glembajevi, Proza – Glembajevi, Drama. Zagreb 1954; Sabrana djela 4–5; Povratak Filipa Latinovicza. Zagreb 1973; Eseji, putopisi. Zagreb 1973. Pet stoljeća hrvatske književnosti, knjiga 93, 95.

  • English translation by Zora Dapolo 1995, Northwestern University Press.—Translator’s note.

  • F. Palacký , Dĕjiny národu českého. Připrav. Olga Svejkovská. Praha 1968. I; Geschichte von Böhmen. Prag 1864. Bd. I.

  • L. Sziklay , Powieść hystoriczna na przelomie XIX i XX. stulecia: Studia z dziejów polsko-węgierskich stosunków literackich i kulturalnych. Kom. redakczyjny: I. Csapláros, L. Hopp, J. Reychman, L. Sziklay. Wrocław–Warszawa–Kraków 1969. 400–433.

  • E. Beneš , Détruisez l’Autriche-Hongie. Le Martyre des Théco-Slovaques a travers l’histoire. Paris 1916.

  • A precursor is W. Kaulbach’s fresco depicting the 453/454 battle of the Field of Katalaunum (Campus Catalaunicus), which also served as inspiration for F. Liszt in composing his orchestral piece “Hunnenschlacht”.

  • E. Kumičić , Djela 2. Urota Zrinjsko-Frankopanska. Zagreb 1968. Povijest hrvatske književnosti 4; Š. Frangeš , Realizam. Zagreb 1975, 387–394; Š. Frangeš , Povijest hrvatske književnosti. Zagreb–Ljubljana 1987, 199–200, 481.

  • F. Š. Djalski , Janko Borislavić, Pripovijesti ilirske. Minijature. Priredio: P. Šegedin. Zagreb 1964. Pet stoljeća hrvatske književnosti knjiga 51.; Životopis jedne Ekscelencije (1816–1870), same volume, 236–270. The description of the main character also anticipates Krleža’s method: “začasni gradjanin slobodnog i kraljevskog glavnog grada Zagreba i kraljevskih slobodnog gradova Varaždina, Karlovca, Rijeke i Novoga Sada, član utemeljitelj Glazbenog zavoda u Zagrebu i književnog madjarkog društva Kisfaludy u Pešti, začasni član dobrotvornoga društva Pietas u Innsbrucku, društva njemačkih rodoljuba u Gracu i pokrovitelj dobrovoljnoga vatrogasnog društva u Kamenici i Kruškovcu itd, itd.” (236).

  • Világirodalmi Lexikon XIV. Budapest 1992, 766–767. Entry by V. Voigt.

  • Ibid, entry by B. Buda.

  • Horváth J. , Cécile Tormay: Budapesti Szemle 44, 1916. Vol. 166, issue 473, p. 311.

    Horváth J. , 'Cécile Tormay ' (1916 ) 166 Budapesti Szemle 44 : 311 -.

  • Ibid. 312.

  • Pankotai E. , Cecile Tormay [!]. Eger 1938, 16.

  • Sebestyén K. , Regények és regényírók: Magyar Figyelő 1911. 2: 165–166. The novel was published in French in 1914: Au pays des pierre. Paris 1914.

  • Amália Kerekes & Alexandra Millner , Was ist das «Ins Heu gehen»? Ansätze zur Übersetzungspolitik in der deutschsprachigen Presse der Doppelmonarchie: Verflechtungsfiguren. Intertextualität und Intermedialität in der Kultur Österreich-Ungarns. Hg. von E. Hárs, W. Müller-Funk, M. Orosz. Frankfurt am Main 2003, 225–226 (Budapester Studien zur Literaturwissenschaft, 3).

  • H. Dyserinck , Komparatistische Imagologie. Zur politischen Tragweite einer europäischen Wissenschaft von der Literatur; H.-D. Pageaux , Image imaginaire: Europa und das nationale Selbstverständniß. Imagologische Probleme in Literatur, Kunst und Kultur des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts. Hg. von H. Dyserinck und K. U. Syndram. Bonn 1988, 13–37, 367–379. For a definition of stereotype, see P. Sekeruš , Les Slaves du Sud dans le miroir français (1800–1850). Beograd 2002, 97.

  • Kulturelle Nachbarschaft. Zur Konjunktur eines Begriffs. Hg. von G. Koffler, J. Le Rider, J. Strutz. Klagenfurt–Wien–Ljubljana–Sarajevo 2002, 7–24, 237–249.

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