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  • 1 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Volodymyrska 60, UA-01033 Kyiv
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Abstract

The paper addresses the rendition of the words denoting humility in six Ukrainian biblical translations of the 19th and 20th centuries. The author outlines the evolution of the semantics of tapeinos in Ancient Greek, Bible Greek, and New Testament Greek, identifying its contextual meanings in the New Testament. It is established that Ukrainian translations of the 19th century tend to use smyrennyi ‘humble’ and smyrennia ‘humility’ (as well as the outdated smyrnyi ‘humble, mild’, smyrnota ‘humbleness’, and smyrnist ‘humility, mildness’) to render the positive and neutral semantics of tapeinos and its nominal derivatives, while the translations of the end of the 20th and the 21st centuries mostly rely on pokirnyi ‘submissive’ and its cognates pokirlyvyi ‘submissive’, pokora ‘submissiveness, obedience’, pokirnist ‘submission’, though in some cases they also use sumyrnyi ‘humble, peaceable’ and the corresponding noun sumyrnist ‘humility, humbleness’ (but not smyrennia). When used in the negative meaning, tapeinos is rendered in modern biblical translations by prynyzhenyi ‘humiliated’, ponyzhenyi ‘base’, upokorenyi ‘subdued’ (occasionally by smyrennyi), whereas the translations of the 19th century do not take into account the negative connotations of tapeinos, and therefore render it by smyrennyi.

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2020  
Scimago
H-index
3
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,103
Scimago
Quartile Score
Cultural Studies Q4
History Q3
Language and Linguistics Q4
Linguistics and Language Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
3/81=0,0
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Cultural Studies 960/1037 (Q4)
History 1190/1328 (Q4)
Language and Linguistics 794/879 (Q4)
Linguistics and Language 847/935 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,135
Scopus
Cites
7
Scopus
Documents
0
Days from submission to acceptance 80
Days from acceptance to submission 232

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
2
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,100
Scimago
Quartile Score
Cultural Studies Q4
History Q4
Language and Linguistics Q4
Linguistics and Language Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
5/76=0,1
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Cultural Studies 841/1002 (Q4)
History 1043/1259 (Q4)
Language and Linguistics 686/830 (Q4)
Linguistics and Language 737/884 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,000
Scopus
Cites
1
Scopus
Documents
15

 

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