Author: Pál Fodor 1
View More View Less
  • 1 Hungarian Academi of Sciences Institute of History Úri u. 53 1014 Budapest
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $624.00

On the basis of an „inventory of tax farms in the province of Buda” (defter-i first-i mukataa-i vilayet-i Budun), the paper describes the administration of Ottoman tax arms in Hungary in a comparative way (the reference area being the Lower Danube). Its main concern is the sixteen-century practice but the seventeenth-century transformations are also touched upon. The widely held view that the seventeenth century saw rapid spread of tax farming, is untenable for Hungary; in this period, the tax farms were increasingly replaced by „corporate estates” (ocaklik) not only in Hungary but in other parts of the empire as well.

  • Ágoston, G. (2000): The Costs of the Ottoman Fortress-System in Hungary in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. In: Dávid, G.-Fodor, P. (eds): Ottomans, Hungarians, and Habsburgs in Central Europe. The Military Confines in the Era of Ottoman Conquest. Leiden-Boston-Köln, pp. 195--228. (The Ottoman Empire and its Heritage. Politics, Society and Economy. Faroqhi, S. -Īnalcik, H. eds, Vol. 20).

  • Káldy-Nagy, Gy. (1968): The Administration of the sanjāq Registration in Hungary. AOH 21, pp. 181--223.

    'The Administration of the sanjāq Registration in Hungary ' () 21 AOH : 181 -223.

  • Dávid, G. (1992): Incomes and Possessions of the Beglerbegis of Buda in the Sixteenth Century. In: Veinsten, G. (ed.): Soliman le Magnifique et son temps. Süleyman the Magnificent and his Time. Paris, pp. 385--398. (Reprinted in Dávid, G. [1997]: Studies in Demographic and Administrative History of Ottoman Hungary. Istanbul, pp. 103--117. [Analecta Isisiana, XXV].)

  • Fekete, L. (1943): Az esztergomi szandzsák 1570. évi adóösszeírása. Budapest.

  • Fekete, L. (1944): Budapest a törökkorban. Budapest. (Budapest története. Károly Szendy ed. III.)

  • Fleet, K. (1999): European and Islamic Trade in the Early Ottoman State. The Merchants of Genoa and Turkey. Cambridge. (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization.)

  • Káldy-Nagy, Gy. (1977): A budai szandzsák 1559. évi összeírása. Budapest. (Pest megye múltjából, 3.)

  • Barkan, Ö. L. (1953--1954): H. 933--934 (M. 1527--1528) mali yilma ait bir bütçe örnegi. Īstanbul Üniversitesi Īktisat Fakültesi Mecmuasi Vol. 15, pp. 251--329.

    'H. 933--934 (M. 1527--1528) mali yilma ait bir bütçe örnegi ' () 15 Īstanbul Üniversitesi Īktisat Fakültesi Mecmuasi : 251 -329.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Çizakça, M. (1993): Tax-Farming and Financial Decentralization in the Ottoman Economy, 1520--1697. The Journal of European Economic History Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 219--250.

    'Tax-Farming and Financial Decentralization in the Ottoman Economy, 1520--1697 ' () 22 The Journal of European Economic History : 219 -250.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Çizakça, M. (1996): A Comparative Evolution of Business Partnerships. The Islamic World and Europe, with Specific Reference to the Ottoman Archives. Leiden—New York—Köln. (The Ottoman Empire and its Heritage. Politics, Society and Economy. Faroqhi, S.—Īnalcik, H. eds, Vol. 8.)

  • Cvetkova, B. (1964): Recherches sur le système d'affermage (Iltizam) dans l'Empire Ottoman au cours de XVIe-XVIIIe s. par rapport aux contrées Bulgares. Rocznik Orientalistyczny Vol. 27, pp. 111--132.

    'Recherches sur le système d'affermage (Iltizam) dans l'Empire Ottoman au cours de XVIe-XVIIIe s. par rapport aux contrées Bulgares ' () 27 Rocznik Orientalistyczny : 111 -132.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Darling, L. T. (1996): Revenue-Raising and Legitimacy. Tax Collection and Finance Administration in the Ottoman Empire 1560--1660. Leiden-New York-Köln. (The Ottoman Empire and its Heritage. Politics, Society and Economy. Faroqhi, S.-Īnalcik, H. eds, Vol. 6.)

  • Fleet, K. (2001): Appalto and gabella: Farmed Tax or Monopoly? In: Jeremiás, É. M. (ed.): Irano-Turkic Cultural Contacts in the 11th--17th Centuries. Piliscsaba.

    , , .

  • Gerber, H. (1986): Jewish Tax-Farmers in the Ottoman Empire in the 16th and 17th Centuries. Journal of Turkish Studies Vol. 10, pp. 143--154.

    'Jewish Tax-Farmers in the Ottoman Empire in the 16th and 17th Centuries ' () 10 Journal of Turkish Studies : 143 -154.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Göyünç, N. (1991): Yurtluk—ocaklik deyimleri hakkinda. In: Prof. Dr. Bekir Kütükoglu'na armagan. Īstanbul, pp. 269--277.

  • Hegyi, K. (manuscript): Fiscal Policy in the vilayet of Buda in the Seventeenth Century.

  • Īnalcik, H. (1977): Centralization and Decentralization in Ottoman Administration. In: Naff, Th.--Owen, R. (eds): Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History. Carbondale—Edwards—wille—London—Amsterdam, pp. 27--52, 362--369.

    , , .

  • Īnalcik, H. (1980): Military and Fiscal Transformation in the Ottoman Empire, 1600--1700. Archivum Ottomanicum Vol. 6, pp. 283--337.

    'Military and Fiscal Transformation in the Ottoman Empire, 1600--1700 ' () 6 Archivum Ottomanicum : 283 -337.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Īnalcik, H. (1986): Hawāla. In: The Encyclopaedia of Islam. New ed. Vol. III. Leiden—London, pp. 283--285.

  • Kafadar, C. (1997--1998): The Question of Ottoman Decline. Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic Review Vol. 4, Nos 1--2, pp. 30--75.

    'The Question of Ottoman Decline ' () 4 Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic Review : 30 -75.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Káldy-Nagy, Gy. (1962a): Das Kassabuch. In: Fekete, L.-Káldy-Nagy, Gy. (eds): Rechnungsbücher türkischer Finanzstellen in Buda (Ofen) 1550--1580. Türkischer Text. Budapest, pp. 752--772.

  • Káldy-Nagy, Gy. (1962b): The Cash Book of the Ottoman Treasury in Buda in the Years 1558--1560. AOH 15, pp. 173--182.

    'The Cash Book of the Ottoman Treasury in Buda in the Years 1558--1560 ' () 15 AOH : 173 -182.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Káldy-Nagy, Gy. (1970): Magyarországi török adóösszeírások. Budapest. (Értekezések a történeti tudományok köréből. János Varga ed. Új sorozat, 52.)

  • Murphey, Rh. (1979): The Functioning of the Ottoman Army under Murad IV (1623--39/1032--1049): Key to the Understanding of the Relationship between Center and Periphery in Seventeenth-Century Turkey. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Chicago.

    The Functioning of the Ottoman Army under Murad IV (1623--39/1032--1049): Key to the Understanding of the Relationship between Center and Periphery in Seventeenth-Century Turkey , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Murphey, Rh. (1987): Regional Structure in the Ottoman Economy. A Sultanic Memorandum of 1636 A. D. Concerning the Sources and Uses of the Tax-Farm Revenues of Anatolia and the Coastal and Northern Portions of Syria. Wiesbaden. (Near and Middle East Monographs, New Series, Vol. 1.)

  • Röhrborn, Kl. (1973): Untersuchungen zur osmanischen Verwaltungsgeschichte. Berlin--New York. (Studien zur Sprache, Geschichte und Kultur des islamischen Orients. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift Der Islami. Spuler, B. ed. N. F. Bd. 5.)

  • Sahillioglu, H. (1962--1963): Bir mültezim zimem defterine göre XV. yüizyil sonunda Osmanli darbhane mukataalari. Īstanbul Üniversitesi Īktisat Fakültesi Mecmuasi Vol. 23, pp. 145--218.

    'Bir mültezim zimem defterine göre XV. yüizyil sonunda Osmanli darbhane mukataalari ' () 23 Īstanbul Üniversitesi Īktisat Fakültesi Mecmuasi : 145 -218.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schwarz, Kl. (1997): Osmanische Sultansurkunden. Untersuchungen zur Einstellung und Besoldung osmanischer Militärs in der Zeit Murāds III. Aus dem Nachlass herausgegeben von C. Römer. Stuttgart. (Freiburger Islamstudien. Roemer, H. R.-Ende, W. eds, Bd. XVII.)

  • Vass, E. (1971): Eléments pour compléter l'histoire de l'administration des finances du vilayet de Buda au XVIe siècle. In: Ligeti, L. (ed.): Studia Turcica. Budapest, pp. 483--490. (Bibliotheca Orientalis Hungarica, XVII.)

  • Velics, A.-Kammerer, E. (1886--1890): Magyarországi török kincstári defterek. I-II. Budapest.