View More View Less
  • 1 Department of History, Philosophy and Jewish Studies, The Open University of Israel, The Dorothy de Rothschild Campus 108 Ravutski Street, P.O. Box 808, Raanana, 43107 Israel
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $624.00

The paper examines a highly interesting workQirim Qarai Türkleri,published in Istanbul in 1928 by Seraya Sapsaloglu (Seraja Szapszal in Polish sources), the renowned Karaite communal leader, one of the leading Russian Turkologists of his time, a former Czarist diplomat and a Jewish Pan-Turkist. This popular and quasi-scientific work was typical of the Romantic Period of the “nation-building”stage in the history of many Eastern European minorities. It was, however, essential in the presentation of the Türkic-speaking Eastern European and Crimean Karaite Jews as remnants of some imagined ancient Türkic race, clandestinely preserving Altaic paganism. Written in an appealing style, this work made a deep impression on the Early Republican intellectuals. In the present paper some of Szapszal's assertions made in this work are analysed against their historical and linguistic background. The paper touches on intellectual trends current during the Early Republican period, the state of the European, Russian and Turkish Turkology of the age, and the metamorphoses of the secularised communal consciousness.

  • Akhiezer, G.-Shapira, D. (2001): Karaites in Lithuania and in Volhynia-Galicia until the Eighteenth Century. Pecamim 89, pp. 19-60 (Hebrew).

    'Karaites in Lithuania and in Volhynia-Galicia until the Eighteenth Century. ' () 89 Pecamim : 19 -60.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ankori, Z. (1959): The Karaites of Byzantium. New York-Jerusalem.

  • Baskakov, N. (1992): Professor S. M. Šapšal - vydajuščijsja učonyj, mudryj pastyr' i horošij čelovek. Vil'njus (Vilnius) November N. 8, pp. 161-169.

    'Professor S. M. Šapšal - vydajuščijsja učonyj, mudryj pastyr' i horošij čelovek. ' () 8 Vil'njus : 161 -169.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baskakov, N. A.-Tynfovič, M. S. (1973): S. M. Šapšal (k 100-letiju so dnja roždenija). Sovetskaja Tjurkologija 3, pp. 119-121.

    'S. M. Šapšal (k 100-letiju so dnja roždenija). ' () 3 Sovetskaja Tjurkologija : 119 -121.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ben-Zvi, Y. (1968): Niddehěi Yisrael. Jerusalem (Hebrew).

  • Bozkurt, F. (1992): Karaylar. Türklerin Dili (Istanbul), pp. 335-362.

  • Browne, E. G. (1909): A Brief Narrative of Recent Events in Persia Followed by a Translation of "The Four Pillars of the Persian Constitution". London.

  • Budagov, L. Z. (1869): Sravnitel'nyj slovar' turecko-tatarskih narečij. Saint-Petersburg.

  • Duwan, Y. (1890): Katexizis, Osnovy karaïmskago zakona. Saint-Petersburg.

  • Fisher, A. (1970): The Russian Annexation of the Crimea 1772-1783. Cambridge.

  • Fisher, A. (1978): The Crimean Tatars. Stanford.

  • Janbajeva, J. (1995): Iz materialov k biografii prof. S. M. Šapšala. In: Jevrei v Rossii. Saint-Petersburg, pp. 27-29.

  • Kefeli, R. (1910): Atalar sozy. Saint Petersburg.

  • Kmmal, E. (1952): Der Nationale Kampfder Krimtürken. Emsdetten.

  • Zaja¸czkowski, A. (1964): Die karaimische Literatur. Philologiae Turcicae Fundamenta vol. II, Wiesbaden, pp. 793-801.

  • Filonenko, V. I. (1929): Atalar sozy - karaimskie poslovicy i pogovorki. Izvestija tavričeskogo obščestva istorii, arxeologii i étnografii (Simferopol') 3, pp. 1-16.

    'Atalar sozy - karaimskie poslovicy i pogovorki. Izvestija tavričeskogo obš č estva istorii, arxeologii i étnografii ' () 3 (Simferopol') : 1 -16.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Filonenko, V. I. (1930): Materialy po izučeniju karaimskoj narodnoj poezii - poslovicy i pogovorki. Izvestija Krymskogo Pedagogičeskogo Instituta (Simferopol') 3, pp. 1-14.

    'Materialy po izučeniju karaimskoj narodnoj poezii - poslovicy i pogovorki. ' () 3 Izvestija Krymskogo Pedagogičeskogo Instituta : 1 -14.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kinmh, H. (2002): Nogaylann Osmanh Imparatorlugˇunda Göc¸leri ve Bugünkü Izleri. In: Proceedings of the XIVth Turkish Congress of History (Türk Tarih Kurumu, 9-13 Eylül 2002). Ankara (forthcoming).

  • Kizilov, M. (2002): New Materials on the Biography of S. M. Szapszal in 1928-1939. In: Proceedings of the Ninth Annual International Interdisciplinary Conference on Jewish Studies. Vol. I. Moscow, pp. 255-273.

  • Zaja¸czkowski, A. (1961b): Khazarian Culture and its Inheritors. Acta Orientalia 90, pp. 299-307.

    'Khazarian Culture and its Inheritors ' () 90 Acta Orientalia : 299 -307.

  • Zaja¸czkowski, A. (2001): Karaims: Origin and History (Ethnogenesis). In: Tütüncü, M. (ed.): Jewish-Turkish Encounters. Studies in Jewish-Turkish Relations Throughout the Ages. Haarlem, SOOTA, pp. 51-64.

  • Zaveriaev, M. (2003): The Khazars in the National Consciousness of Russian Karaites in Modern Times. In: Acts of the International Colloquium on the Khazars. Jerusalem (forthcoming).

  • Kizilov, M. (2002-2003): The Arrival of the Karaites (Karaims) to Poland and Lithuania. A Survey of Sources and Critical Analysis of Existing Theories. Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 12, pp. 29-46.

    'The Arrival of the Karaites (Karaims) to Poland and Lithuania. A Survey of Sources and Critical Analysis of Existing Theories ' () 12 Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi : 29 -46.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kizilov, M. (2003): Karaites through the Travelers' Eyes. Ethnic History, Traditional Culture and Everyday Life of the Crimean Karaites According to Descriptions of the Travelers. New York, al-Qirqisani Center.

    Karaites through the Travelers' Eyes. Ethnic History, Traditional Culture and Everyday Life of the Crimean Karaites According to Descriptions of the Travelers. , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kowalski, T. (1926): Je¸zyk karaimski. Myśl Karaimska Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 3-7.

    1 3 7

  • Kowalski, T. (1927): Pieśni obrze¸dowe w narzeczu Karaimów z Trok. Rocznik Orientalistyczny pp. 216-254, 343-344.

  • Kowalski, T. (1929a): Karaimische Texte im Dialekt von Troki. Cracow.

  • Kowalski, T. (1929b): Turecka monografja o Karaimach krymskich. Myśl Karaimska Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 2-8.

    'Turecka monografja o Karaimach krymskich ' () 2 Myśl Karaimska : 2 -8.

  • Kowalski, T. (1930): Zu den türkischen Monatsnamen. Archiv Orientální Vol. 2, pp. 3-26.

    Zu den türkischen Monatsnamen. , () 3 -26.

  • Kowalski, T. (1935): Lehistanda Türkler. Ulus Nr. 4977 (Ankara, 06.06. 1935).

  • Landau, J. (1984): Tekinalp, Turkish Patriot, 1883-1961. Istanbul, Netherlands Archeological Institute.

    Tekinalp, Turkish Patriot, 1883-1961. , ().

  • Lewi-Babowicz, T. S. (1928): O stosunkach wzajemnych mie¸dzy Karaimami i Tatarami na Kryme. Myśl Karaimska Vol. 1, Nos 4-5, pp. 25-29.

    O stosunkach wzajemnych mie¸dzy Karaimami i Tatarami na Kryme. , () 25 -29.

  • Mann, J. (1935): Texts and Studies. Vol. II (Karaitica). Philadelphia.

  • Mardkowicz, A. (1932): Łuwachlar dert jyłha (5693-5696) jarykka cyhardyA. Mardkowicz. Łuck.

  • Miller, Ph. (1993): Karaite Separatism in XIXth Century Russia. Joseph Solomon Lutzki's 'Epistle of Israel's Deliverance'. Cincinnati.

  • Özcan, K. (2002): The Exile of Crimean Turks. The Turks, Yeni Türkiye (Ankara) Vol. VI, pp. 451-499.

  • Özenbas¸h, A. (1926): C¸arlik Hakimiyetinde Qirim faciˇcast yahod tatar hic¸retleri. Aq-Mesc¸id (= Simferopol').

  • Samojlovič, A. (1916b): Opyt kratkoj krymsko-tatarskoj grammatiki. Petrograd.

  • Samojlovič, A. (1927): K istorii krymsko-tatarskogo jazyka. Vestnik Naučnogo Obščestva Tatarovedenija (Simferopol') II, pp. 27-32.

    'K istorii krymsko-tatarskogo jazyka. ' () II Vestnik Naučnogo Obščestva Tatarovedenija : 27 -32.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Samojlovič, A. (1916a): O materialah Radlova po narodnoj slovesnosti krymskih tatar i karaimov. Zapiski Krymskago Obščestva jestestvoispytatelej i ljubitelejprirody (Simferopol') VI, pp. 1-7, 118-124.

    'O materialah Radlova po narodnoj slovesnosti krymskih tatar i karaimov ' () VI Zapiski Krymskago Obščestva jestestvoispytatelej i ljubitelejprirody : 1 -7.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shapira, D. (2002): Miscellanea Judaeo-Turkica. Four Judaeo-Turkic Notes (Judaeo-Türkica IV). Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 27 (Shaul Shaked Festschrift), pp. 475 -496.

  • Shapira, D. (2002-2003): Yitshaq Sangari, Sangarit, Bezalel Stern and Avraham Firkowicz: Notes on Two Forged Inscriptions. Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 12, pp. 223-260.

    'Yitshaq Sangari, Sangarit, Bezalel Stern and Avraham Firkowicz: Notes on Two Forged Inscriptions ' () 12 Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi : 223 -260.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shapira, D. (2003a): Beginnings of the Karaites of the Crimea Prior to the Early 16th century (with contributions by M. Ezer, A. Fedortchouk, M. Kizilov). In: Polliack, M. (ed.): Karaite Judaism. A Guide to to the Literary Sources of Medieval and Modern Karaite Judaism. Leiden, Brill, pp. 709-728.

    Karaite Judaism. A Guide to to the Literary Sources of Medieval and Modern Karaite Judaism. , () 709 -728.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shapira, D. (2003b): The Turkic Languages and Literatures of the Eastern European Karaites. In: Polliack, M. (ed.): Karaite Judaism. A Guide to to the Literary Sources of Medieval and Modern Karaite Judaism. Leiden, Brill, pp. 657-707.

    Karaite Judaism. A Guide to to the Literary Sources of Medieval and Modern Karaite Judaism. , () 657 -707.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shapira, D. (2003c): Abraham Firkowicz in Istanbul (1830-1832). Paving the Way for Turkic Nationalism. Ankara, KaraM.

    Abraham Firkowicz in Istanbul (1830-1832). Paving the Way for Turkic Nationalism. , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shapira, D. D. Y. (2004): Indeed Ancestral Tombs? - Historical Data and their Modification in the Tombstone Inscriptions of Abraham Firkowicz. Pe'amim 98-99, Winter-Spring, pp. 261-318 (Hebrew).

  • Shapira, D. D. Y. (2005a): Turkic Languages and Literatures of Karaites Up to the Early 20th Century. In: Bunis, D. (ed.): Proceedings of the Misgav Yerushalayim Conference. Jerusalem (Hebrew; forthcoming).

  • Shapira, D. D. Y. (ed.) (2005b): Studies in a Karaite Community: Report of the Ben-Zvi Institute Expedition to the Jewish-Karaite Cemetery of C¸ufuˇt-Qalceh (the Crimea). A Collection of Papers. Jerusalem, Ben-Zvi Institute.

  • Šapšal, S.M. (1896): Karaimy i Čufut-Kale v Krymu. Saint Petersburg.

  • Šapšal, S. M. (1897): Karaimy, Zapiski krymskago gornago kluba. Odessa.

  • Šapšal, S. M. (1918-1919): Kratkij očerk tjurksko-karaimskoj literatury. Izvestija Karaimskago Duhovnago Pravlenija 1 (1918), pp. 6-10; 2 (1919), pp. 13-17.

    'Kratkij očerk tjurksko-karaimskoj literatury ' () 1 Izvestija Karaimskago Duhovnago Pravlenija : 1918 -10.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Šapšal, S. M. (1955): O prebyvanii Bagdana Hmel'nickogo i jego syna Timofeja v Krymu. Voprosy Istorii 8, pp. 144-146.

    'O prebyvanii Bagdana Hmel'nickogo i jego syna Timofeja v Krymu. ' () 8 Voprosy Istorii : 144 -146.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Szapszač, H. S. (1934): Wybrażenia świe¸tych muzulmańskich a wptywy ikonograficzne katolickie w Persji. Wilno.

  • Szapszač, H. S. (1935): Próby literatury ludowej turków zAzerbajdżanuperskiego. Kraków.

  • Szyszman, S. (1989): Les Karaites ďEurope. Uppsala.

  • Trevisan-Semi, E. (1998): Le 'Sefer Massa Qrim' de Deinard; but parodique ou polémique? Revue des études juives 157, 1-2, pp. 57-67.

    'Le 'Sefer Massa Qrim' de Deinard; but parodique ou polémique? ' () 157 Revue des études juives : 57 -67.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Zaja¸czkowski, A. (1925): Życie i dziajalność b.p. Firkowicza. Myśl Karaimska 1, pp. 11-19.

    'Życie i dziajalność b.p. Firkowicza. ' () 1 Myśl Karaimska : 11 -19.

  • Zaja¸czkowski, A. (1945): Ze studiów nad zagadnieniem chazarskiem. (Sprawozdania z posiedzenu Pol. Akad. Umiej 8.) Kraków.

  • Zaja¸czkowski, A. (1946): O kulturze chazarskiej i jej spadkobiercach. Myśl Karaimska Seria Nowa I, pp. 5-34.

    'O kulturze chazarskiej i jej spadkobiercach. ' () I Myśl Karaimska Seria Nowa : 5 -34.

  • Zaja¸czkowski, A. (1947): Terminologia muzulmańska a tradycje nomadów w slownictwie karaimskim. Myśl Karaimska Seria Nowa II, pp. 24-39.

  • Zaja¸czkowski, A. (1961a): Karaims in Poland. Warszawa.