The subject matter of this paper is the organisation, classification and inspection of religious foundations in the Ottoman State. First, an overview is given of some of the evkaf organisations in general, then the organisation of evkaf in the Ottoman State will be scrutinised in detail before and after the establishment of the Ministry of Foundations (a private ministry for evkaf administration) in 1242/1826. Finally, detailed information will be given about the types of foundations in the 19th century with a cursory glance at the republican period of Turkey.
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Evkaf Beytülmalı Tarafından Tahrir Olunan Terekeler Hakkında Nizamname Ve Zeyli, Dustur I. Tertib, I/289–300.
Evkaf Nezâreti İdare-i Merkeziyesi Teşkilât Ve Vezâifi Hakkında Nizamname, 5 Sha’ban 1330/7 July 1328, Dar Sa’adah 1330; Takvîm-i Vekâyı (Official Gazette), 22 Sha’ban 1330/23 July 1328, No. 1196; Ta’dilât (Amendments), dated 6 Rabi’ al-Awwal 1332/20 Kanun Al-Dhani 1329 were printed along with the Nizamname dated 1330.
Evkaf Nezâretini Teşkil Eden Devâirin Vezâifi Hakkında Nizamname dated 9 Safar 1297, Dustur I. Tertib, IV/690–692.
Evkaf Nizamnamesi, dated 1280/1863.
Evkaf Talimnamesi, dated 1255/1839.
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Nizamnâme, dated 1287/1870.
Nizamnâme, dated 19 Safar 1272/1855.
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Pioppi, Daniela (2007): Privatization of Social Services as a Regime Strategy; The Revival of Islamic Endowments (Awqaf) in Egypt. In: Schlumberger, Oliver: Debating Arab Authoritarianism: Dynamics and Durability in Non-Democratic Regimes. Stanford University Press.
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