付馬 Center for Research on Ancient Chinese History, Department of History, Peking University, P. R. China

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夏立棟 Office for Research on China’s Frontier Archeology, Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, P. R. China

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Among the recent archaeological finds in Tuyuq are several Old Uighur texts related to Tantric practices in the cave monasteries in the Mongol time. A fragment from Cave 24 preserves an unidentified text related to the Mahākāla rites, which has not been attested before. A fragment from Cave 54 provides us a new kind of manuscript of the Baxšï Ögdisi, which is different from the previously identified manuscripts from Dunhuang and Turfan. Another fragment from Cave 57 preserves a list of dates that can be identified as the days on which the lamp-lighting ceremony influenced by Chinese tantric Buddhism should have been held. Three wooden tablets with Uighur texts probably belong to guest monks or donors. These materials provide precious new information on the ritual and daily life of the Uighur Buddhist community in Tuyuq.

  • Clauson, Gerard 1972. An Etymological Dictionary of Pre-Thirteenth-Century Turkish. London: Oxford University Press.

  • Erdal, Marcel 1991. Old Turkic Word Formation. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

  • Erdal, Marcel 2004. A Grammar of Old Turkic. Leiden: Brill.

  • Fu Ma 付馬 and Xia Lidong 夏立棟 2021. ‘Comprehensive Study on Old Uighur and Chinese Wall Inscriptions in Room B of Newly Excavated Cave 26 in Tuyuq Grottoes, Turfan.’ Acta Orientalia Hung. 74/2: 181–206.

  • Kara, Georg und Peter Zieme 1977. Die uigurischen Übersetzungen des Guruyogas “Tiefer Weg” von Sa-skya Paṇḍita und der Mañjuśrīnāmasaṃgīti, Berlin: Akademie Verlag.

  • Kasai Yukiyo 2008. Die uigurischen buddhistischen Kolophone. Turnhout: Brepols.

  • Kasai Yukiyo 2021. ‘Talismans Used by the Uyghur Buddhists and Their Relationship with the Chinese Tradition.’ Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 44 (forthcoming)

  • Matsui Dai 2021. ‘Two Remarks on the Toyoq Caves and Abita Qur “Abita Cave”.’ Письменные памятники Востока 18/3: 37–50.

  • Matsui Dai 松井太 and Arakawa Shintarō 荒川慎太郎 (eds.) 2017. Tonkō sekkutsu ta gengo shiryō shūsei 敦煌石窟多言語資料集成 [Multilingual source materials of the Dunhuang Grottoes]. Tokyo: Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.

  • Office for Research on China’s Frontier Archeology, Institute of Archaeology, CASS and Academia Turfanica 2020. ‘Xinjiang Shanshan Tuyugou xiqu zhongbu gaotai kuyuan fajue baogao 新疆鄯善吐峪溝西區中部高臺窟院發掘報告 [The Excavation of the Middle High Platform Cave Temple of the West Zone of Tuyuq Grottoes in Shanshan, Xinjiang].’ Kaogu xuebao 考古學報 2020/3: 429–460 + 24 plates.

  • Ölmez, Mehmet 1998. ‘Tibet Budizmine Ait Eski Uygurca Bahşı Ögdisi [The Old Uighur Baxšï Ögdisi belonging to the Tibetan Buddhism].’ In: Yayıma Hazırlayanlar, Jens Peter Laut und Mehmet Ölmez (Hrsg.) Bahşi Ögdisi. Festschrift für Klaus Röhrborn anläßlich seines 60. Geburtstags / 60. Doğum Yılı Dolayısıyla Klaus Röhrborn Armağanı. Freiburg/Istanbul: Simurg, 261–293.

  • Özertural, Zekine (unter Mitwirkung von Klaus Röhrborn) 2020. Uigurisches Wörterbuch. Sprachmaterial der vorislamischen türkischen Texte aus Zentralasien, Bd. 1: Verben, Teil 2: edäd- – iztä-. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

  • Rachmati, Gabdul Rašid 1937. Türkische Turfan-Texte VII. Mit sinologischen Anmerkungen von Wolfram Eberhard. [Abhandlungen der Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, phil.-hist. Klasse, 1936.] Berlin: Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaft.

  • Takakusu Junjirō 高楠順次郎 and Watanabe Kaigyoku 渡辺海旭 1924–1935. Taishō shinshū daizōkyō 大正新脩大蔵経. Tōkyō: Taishō Issaikyō Kankyōkai.

  • Wilkens, Jens 2007. Das Buch von der Sündentilgung: Edition des alttürkisch-buddhistischen Kšanti Kılguluk Nom Bitig. Turnhout: Brepols.

  • Yakup, Abdurishid 2006. ‘Uighurica from the Northern Grottoes of Dunhuang.’ In: ‘Studies on Eurasian Languages’ Publication Committee (ed.) Studies on Eurasian Languages. A Festschrift in Honour of Professor Masahiro Shōgaito’s retirement. Kyoto: Nakanishi, 1–41.

  • Yamada Nobuo 山田信夫 1993. Sammlung uigurischer Kontrakte/ Uiguru-bun keiyaku monjo shūsei ウイグル文契約文書集成. Vols. 1–3. Eds. Juten Oda, Peter Zieme, Umemura Hiroshi, Moriyasu Takao. Osaka: Osaka University Press.

  • Zhao Dongsheng 趙冬生 1994. ‘Shanxi Quwo xian Guangfu yuan faxian Song Jin (Qi) fojing 山西曲沃縣廣福院發現宋金(齊)佛經 [The Sūtras of Song and Jin(Qi) found in Guangfu Yuan in Quwo county, Shanxi].’ Wenwu 文物 1994/7: 44–54.

  • Zieme, Peter 1985. Buddhistische Stabreimdichtungen der Uiguren. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.

  • Zieme, Peter 2005. Magische Texte des uigurischen Buddhismus. Turnhout: Brepols.

  • Zieme, Peter 2021. ’Notizen zu altuigurisch +čIlAyU.’Wiener Zeitchrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 111: 281–284.

  • Zieme, Peter und Georg Kara 1978. Ein uigurisches Totenbuch: Nāropas Lehre in uigurischer Übersetzung von vier tibetischen Traktaten nach der Sammelhandschrift aus Dunhuang, British Museum Or.8212 (109). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.

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  • Benedek PÉRI (Eötvös Loránd University)
  • Ágnes BIRTALAN (Eötvös Loránd University)
  • Csaba DEZSŐ (Eötvös Loránd University)
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Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
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