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Alessandro Del Tomba Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Roma, Italia

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The article deals with the origin of palatalisation in the plural paradigm of the Khotanese i-declension. According to the common view, palatalisation resulted from regular sound change only in the nominative-accusative plural, with the etymological form of the endings remaining not-palatalised in the rest of the plural inflection. Subsequently, there emerged a tendency for the palatalised allomorph to become generalised and extend across the paradigm. However, a thorough examination of older and later Old Khotanese manuscripts challenges this perspective, revealing no evidence of original allomorphy between the palatalised and non-palatalised stem variants in the plural. This study demonstrates that palatalisation did not originate from analogical levellings but rather arose from regular sound change. Additionally, the article draws a comparison between the i-declension plural paradigm and the inflection of most numerals greater than ‘three’, which exhibit palatalisation in all case forms except for the nominative-accusative.

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  • Maggi, Mauro 2017. ‘Two fragments of the Khotanese Saṅghāṭasūtra in the Turfan collection in Berlin.’ In: “Turfanforschung” Team (Hrsg.) Zur lichten Heimat. Studien zu Manichäismus, Iranistik und Zentralasienkunde im Gedenken an Werner Sundermann. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 371379.

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  • Maggi, Mauro 2020. ‘Annotations on the Book of Zambasta, VIII.’ Linguistica e Filologia 40: 197222.

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  • Pinault, Georges-Jean 1997. ‘Nouvelle lecture du fragment A 270 du Maitreyasamiti-Nātaka.’ Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 7: 121141.

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  • Sims-Williams, Nicholas 1989. ‘Eastern Middle Iranian.’ In: Rüdiger Schmitt (ed.) Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 165172.

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  • Sims-Williams, Nicholas & Ursula Sims-Williams 2023. ‘Two new folios of the Book of Zambasta.’ In: Kudo Noriyuki (ed.) Śāntamatiḥ: Manuscripts for Life. Essays in Memory of Seishi Karashima. Tokyo: The International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology, Soka University.

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  • Skjærvø, Prods O. 1986. ‘Khotanese fragments of the Vimalakīrtinirdeśasūtra.’ In: Eivind Kahrs (ed.) Kalyāṇamitrārāgaṇam: Essays in Honour of Nils Simonsson. Oslo: Norwegian University Press, 229260 + 6 plates.

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  • Skjærvø, Prods O. 2002. Khotanese Manuscripts from Chinese Turkestan in the British Library: A Complete Catalogue with Texts and Translations, with contributions by Ursula Sims-Williams [Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum. Part II Inscriptions of the Seleucid and Parthian Periods and of Eastern Iran and Central Asia. Vol. V Saka. Texts VI.] London: The British Library.

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  • Skjærvø, Prods O. 2004. This Most Excellent Shine of Gold, King of Kings of Sutras: The Khotanese Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra. 2 vols. Cambridge, MA: Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University.

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  • Skjærvø, Prods O. 2022. ‘Khotan IV. The Khotanese language.’ In: Elton L. Daniel (ed.) Encyclopædia Iranica XVII.2: 117133.

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Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
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