Author:
Edith Kádár Babeş-Bolyai University Department of Hungarian and General Linguistics str. Horea nr. 31. 400202 Cluj-Napoca Romania

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In this paper I examine the behaviour of Hungarian copular environmental constructions, and I demonstrate that they cannot be treated on a par with weather verbs (as suggested in the literature). While the latter may have a quasi-argumental subject, treating the former along the same lines would also mean to analyse the NP/AP featuring in these constructions as a predicate nominal/adjective. A parallel analysis of sentences involving nominal predication, environmental copular constructions and sentences with undisputable NP-subjects shows that environmental constructions pattern with the latter. I discuss and weigh the subject properties and the predicate properties of the nominal part of the construction, surveying all the evidence that has emerged in the literature, and adding some further arguments. The dual behaviour of the nominal/adjectival part of atmospheric copular constructions is argued to come from their predicative content combined with their status as syntactic subjects. For what appears to be an AP+ VAN ‘be’ type of environmental copular construction, an Adj → N conversion analysis is proposed, and an alternative analysis with the AP being the modifier of an abstract null noun is also mentioned.

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  • É. Kiss, Katalin (ed.) 2006. Event structure and the left periphery. Studies on Hungarian. Springer, Dordrecht.

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  • Francez, Itamar 2006. Semantic structure and argument realization in (mostly Hebrew) existentials. In: Yehuda Falk (ed.): Proceedings of the 22nd meeting of the Israeli Association of Theoretical Linguistics. http://linguistics.huji.ac.il/IATL//22/Francez.pdf

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  • Kádár, Edith 2006b. Atmospherical constructions in Hungarian. In: Beáta Gyuris (ed.): Proceedings of the 1st Central European Student Conference in Linguistics. http://www.nytud.hu/cescl

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  • Komlósy, András 1994. Complements and adjuncts. In: Katalin É. Kiss — Ferenc Kiefer (eds): The syntactic structure of Hungarian (Syntax and semantics 27), 91–178. Academic Press, New York.

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  • Koster, Jan 1994. Predicate incorporation and the word order of Dutch. In: Guglielmo Cinque— Jan Koster— Jean-Yves Pollock— Luigi Rizzi— Raffaella Zanuttini (eds): Paths towards universal grammar. Studies in honor of Richard S. Kayne, 255–276. Georgetown University Press, Washington D.C.

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  • Peredy, Márta 2009. Obligatory adjuncts licensing definiteness effect constructions. In: Katalin É. Kiss (ed.): Adverbs and adverbial adjuncts at the interfaces (Interface explorations 20), 197–230. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York.

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  • Sasse, Hans-Jürgen 1987. The thetic/categorical distinction revisited. In: Linguistics 25: 511–580.

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  • Ürögdi, Barbara 2006. Predicate fronting and dative case in Hungarian. In: Acta Linguistica Hungarica 53: 291–332.

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  • Viszket, Anita 2002. Az argumentumazonosítás alapelvei [Basic principles of argument identification]. In: Márta Maleczki (ed.): A mai magyar nyelv leírásának újabb módszerei V [New methods in the description of Hungarian 5], 151–167. Szegedi Tudomanyegyetem, Szeged.

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  • Williams, Edwin 1994. Thematic structure in syntax (Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 23). MIT Press, Cambridge MA.

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Editor(s)-in-Chief: Katalin É. Kiss,
Ferenc Kiefer

Editor: Éva Dékány

Technical Editor: Zoltán G. Kiss

Review Editor: Beáta Gyuris

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  • Anne Abeillé
  • Željko Bošković
  • Marcel den Dikken
  • Hans-Martin Gärtner
  • Elly van Gelderen
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  • István Kenesei
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Acta Linguistica Hungarica
Language English
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1951
Publication
Programme
changed title
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per Year
 
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per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
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Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1216-8076 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2624 (Online)