Author:
Attila Péteri Eötvös Loránd University Department of German Linguistics Rákóczi 5 H-1088 Budapest Hungary

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This study is devoted to the Hungarian sentence mood particle hadd, which developed into a particle from the imperatival form of the verb hagy ‘let’. It primarily functions in non-addressee-oriented directives, i.e., it marks speech acts meant by the speaker to instigate actions of the speaker him- or herself or of third parties rather than actions of the interlocutor. The interlocutor is meant to play a—mediating, supporting, or tolerating—“secondary” role in this. Based on corpus research, the syntax and pragmatics of the particle hadd will be illustrated. The syntactic position of hadd differs from that of modal particles in being considerably more fixed. Concerning its pragmatic function, uses leading away from the function of a particle indicating sentence mood can be discerned. Similar developments can be illustrated for other European languages. In some languages (e.g., the Slavic languages), the word meaning ‘let’ develops into a particle, in other languages it turns into an auxiliary verb.

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    Altmann H. , '', in Syntax. Ein internationales Handbuch zeitgenössischer Forschung , (1993 ) -.

  • Beczner, Barbara —Gizella Nagy — Cristina Onesti — Attila Péteri 2009. Interrogativsätze kontrastiv-typologisch (amades — Arbeitspapiere und Materialien zur Deutschen Sprache 32). IDS, Mannheim.

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  • Pomozi, Péter 1991. Néhány gondolat a magyar „konjunktívusz”-ról [Some thoughts about the Hungarian “subjunctive”]. In: Dolgozatok a magyar mint idegen nyelv és a hungarológia köréből 26: 3–13.

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  • Wegener, Heide 1998. Zur Grammatikalisierung von Modalpartikeln. In: Irmhild Barz — Günther Öhlschläger (eds): Zwischen Grammatik und Lexikon, 37–112. Niemeyer, Tübingen.

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  • Weinrich, Harald 1993. Textgrammatik der deutschen Sprache. Dudenverlag, Mannheim.

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    Zifonun G. , 'Grammatik des Deutschen im europäischen Vergleich ' (2001 ) 20 Studia Linguistica (Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis) : 171 -186 .

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Acta Linguistica Hungarica
Language English
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Year of
Foundation
1951
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Programme
changed title
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per Year
 
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per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
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H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
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ISSN 1216-8076 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2624 (Online)