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  • 1 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Protection and Pathophysiology, Clinical Hospital Osijek Huttlerova 4, HR-31000 Osijek. Croatia
  • 2 Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb Horvatovac 102A, HR-10000 Zagreb. Croatia
  • 3 Scientific Unit for Clinical-Medical Research, Clinical Hospital Osijek Huttlerova 4, HR-31000 Osijek. Croatia
  • 4 Faculty of Food Technology, University “J.J. Strossmayer” Kuhačeva 18, HR-31000 Osijek. Croatia
  • 5 Faculty of Food Technology, University “J.J. Strossmayer” Kuhačeva 18, HR-31000 Osijek. Croatia
  • 6 Department of Medicinal Informatics, School of Medicine Osijek Huttlerova 4, HR-31000 Osijek. Croatia
  • 7 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Protection and Pathophysiology, Clinical Hospital Osijek Huttlerova 4, HR-31000 Osijek. Croatia
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Recent studies performed on some tumour cell lines have given proof to the antiproliferative activity of compounds isolated from red wines against tumours. The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential cytotoxic activity of different concentrations of selected Croatian red and white wines on the growth of human normal and tumour cells in vitro. Effects on growth of cervical carcinoma (HeLa), colon carcinoma (Caco-2, HT-29), poorly differentiated cells from lymph node metastasis of colon carcinoma (SW-620), larynx carcinoma cells (HEp-2) and normal fibroblasts (WI38) were tested by MTT-assay. Radioactive substrate incorporation tests were used for assessing effects on DNA, RNAs and proteins syntheses. Concentration of polyphenols in wines was assessed according to the method of Singleton and Rossi. Ethanol in the wine concentrates was determined by MS-GC method. Results of the cytotoxicity test showed that colon carcinoma cells (Caco-2, HT-29), as well as colon carcinoma metastasis (SW620) were the most affected by dealcoholized red wines in concentrations 25% and 12.5% v/v. Amount of total phenols in the red wines was significantly higher (5-10 times) compared to the white wines. The red wine with the greatest polyphenol content was shown to be the most effective. Red wine samples in concentration 25% v/v statistically significantly inhibited the growth of all tested cell lines, including fibroblasts. Tested white wines showed no or negligible growth inhibitory effect against tumour and normal cells. Tumour cells, HeLa and Hep-2, treated by red wine V3 (12.5% v/v) and Hep-2 cells treated by red wine V4 (12.5% v/v) exhibited slightly growth-stimulatory effects. Biosynthesis assay of DNA, RNA and proteins indicated a standstill in the growth of treated cells. Our results indicate that polyphenol-rich domestic wine might have potential pro-therapeutic effect on transformed colonic cells.

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