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  • 1 Central Food Research Institute H-1022 Budapest, Herman Ottó út 15. Hungary
  • | 2 Central Food Research Institute H-1022 Budapest, Herman Ottó út 15. Hungary
  • | 3 Cereal Research Non-profit Company; HAS-SIU Research Group for Molecular Plant Breeding H-6701 Szeged, Alsó kikötő sor 9; Gödöllő. Hungary
  • | 4 Central Food Research Institute H-1022 Budapest, Herman Ottó út 15. Hungary
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The authors have developed transgenic wheat lines with broad range of herbicide resistance. The transgenic wheat, containing bacterial derived alien gene (bar) regulated under the maize ubiquitin promoter, is resistant to glyphosinate (phosphinotrichin) agent family. The presence of bar gene expression product (phosphinotrichin acetyl transpherase enzyme, PAT) was confirmed by PAT-specific ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay). The qualitative and quantitative chemical composition of the transgenic wheat lines in comparison with their non-transgenic counterpart (year 2000-2002) and protein utilization of the wheat wholemeal flours (year 2002) were summarized. Nutritional evaluation of the protein was based on a rat model by using N-balance experiments. Among the protein sources, heat-treated samples were also introduced into the experimental diets. It was found that heat denaturation of the proteins led to results with somewhat increased biological value indices. The introduction of GM technology did not affect food intake or nutritional performance of the rats.

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