View More View Less
  • 1 Budapest University of Technology and Economics Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food Science H-1111 Budapest Műegyetem rkp. 3 Hungary
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $878.00

Resistant starches (RS) can be used in the food industry aiming to enhance the dietary fibre content and reduce the glycaemic response of food. The aim of the present study was to investigate the physical and chemical properties of different resistant starches (origin, type of resistance) and their comparison with native starches in pure form and in stoichiometric mixtures. Measurements were carried out to determine enzymatic digestibility, water absorption, thermogravimetric parameters (DSC), and viscometric characteristics (RVA) of resistant and native starches and their mixtures. Enzymatic digestibility and water absorption were reduced linearly by adding resistant starches into the mixtures. RVA parameters have shown non-proportional character in the stoichiometric mixtures. The results of DSC measurements proved that the gelatinisation of resistant starches is quite different and only chemically modified resistant starch was heat-sensitive. Results indicated that circumspect evaluation is needed in the selection of resistant starch products for the development and innovation of food products with reduced glycaemic response.

  • Wang, T.L., Bogracheva, T. & Hedley, C.L. (1998): Starch: as simple as A, B, C? J. exp. Botany , 49 (320), 481–502.

    Hedley C.L. , 'Starch: as simple as A, B, C? ' (1998 ) 49 J. exp. Botany : 481 -502.

  • Xie, X. & Liu, Q. (2004): Development and physicochemical characterization of new resistant citrate starch from different corn starches. Starch/Starke , 56 , 364–370.

    Liu Q. , 'Development and physicochemical characterization of new resistant citrate starch from different corn starches ' (2004 ) 56 Starch/Starke : 364 -370.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • A.O.A.C./A.A.C.C. (2004): Resistant starch assay procedure . No. 2002.02/32-40

  • Englyst, H.N., Kingman, S.M. & Cummings, J.H. (1992): Classification and measurement of nutritionally important starch fractions. Europ. J. clin. Nutr. , 46 (Suppl. 2), S33–S50.

    Cummings J.H. , 'Classification and measurement of nutritionally important starch fractions ' (1992 ) 46 Europ. J. clin. Nutr. : S33 -S50.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Evans, A. & Thompson, D.B. (2004): A small-scale method to determine resistant starch and the time-course of starch digestion. AACC/TIA Joint Meeting . San Diego, California, p. 267.

  • Hagenimana, A., Pu, P. & Ding, X. (2005): Study of thermal and rheological properties of native rice starches and their corresponding mixtures. Fd Res. Int. , 38 , 257–266.

    Ding X. , 'Study of thermal and rheological properties of native rice starches and their corresponding mixtures ' (2005 ) 38 Fd Res. Int. : 257 -266.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Heijken, M.L., Deurenberg, P. & Van Amelsvoort, J.M.M. (1997): Retrograded (RS3) but not uncooked (RS2) resistant starch lowers faecal ammonia concentrations in healthy men. Am. J. clin. Nutr. , 65 , 167–168.

    Amelsvoort J.M.M. , 'Retrograded (RS3) but not uncooked (RS2) resistant starch lowers faecal ammonia concentrations in healthy men ' (1997 ) 65 Am. J. clin. Nutr. : 167 -168.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jane, J., Chen, Y.Y., Lee, L.F., McPherson, A.E., Wong, K.S., Radosavljevic, M. & Kasemsuwan, T. (1999): Effects of amylopectin branch chain length and amylase content on the gelatinization and pasting properties of starch. Cereal Chem. , 76 , 629–637.

    Kasemsuwan T. , 'Effects of amylopectin branch chain length and amylase content on the gelatinization and pasting properties of starch ' (1999 ) 76 Cereal Chem. : 629 -637.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kim, S.K. & Kwak, J.E. (2004): Estimation of resistant starch content of high-amylose corn starch. Fd Sci. Biotechnol. , 13 , 71–74.

    Kwak J.E. , 'Estimation of resistant starch content of high-amylose corn starch ' (2004 ) 13 Fd Sci. Biotechnol. : 71 -74.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Liljeberg, H.G.M., Åkerberg, A.K.E. & Björck, I.M.E. (1999): Effect of the glycemic index and content of indigestible carbohydrates of cereal-based breakfast meals on glucose tolerance at lunch in healthy subjects. Am. J. clin. Nutr. , 69 , 647–655.

    Björck I.M.E. , 'Effect of the glycemic index and content of indigestible carbohydrates of cereal-based breakfast meals on glucose tolerance at lunch in healthy subjects ' (1999 ) 69 Am. J. clin. Nutr. : 647 -655.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Liu, Q. & Jiang, G. (2002): Characterization of residues from partially hydrolyzed potato and high amylose corn starches by pancreatic α-amylase. Starch/Starke , 54 , 527–533.

    Jiang G. , 'Characterization of residues from partially hydrolyzed potato and high amylose corn starches by pancreatic α-amylase ' (2002 ) 54 Starch/Starke : 527 -533.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • McNaugh, K.J., Brown, I.L. & Ganly, R. (2001): Food composition including resistant starch . United States Patent No.6,303,174.

  • Medcalf, D.G. & Gilles, K.A. (1965): Wheat starches. I. Comparison of physicochemical properties. Cereal Chem. , 42 , 558–568.

    Gilles K.A. , 'Wheat starches. I. Comparison of physicochemical properties ' (1965 ) 42 Cereal Chem. : 558 -568.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Meyer, K.A., Kushi, L.H., Jacobs, D.R., Slavin, J., Sellers, T.A. & Folsom, A.R. (2000): Carbohydrates, dietary fiber, and incident type 2 diabetes in older women. Am. J. clin. Nutr. , 71 , 921–930.

    Folsom A.R. , 'Carbohydrates, dietary fiber, and incident type 2 diabetes in older women ' (2000 ) 71 Am. J. clin. Nutr. : 921 -930.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Muir, J.G., Birkett, A., Jones, G. & O’Dea, K. (1995): Food processing and maize variety affects amounts of starch escaping digestion in the small intestine. Am. J. clin. Nutr. , 61 , 82–89.

    O’Dea K. , 'Food processing and maize variety affects amounts of starch escaping digestion in the small intestine ' (1995 ) 61 Am. J. clin. Nutr. : 82 -89.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mun, S.H. & Shin, M. (2006): Mild hydrolysis of resistant starch from maize. Fd Chem. , 96 , 115–121.

    Shin M. , 'Mild hydrolysis of resistant starch from maize ' (2006 ) 96 Fd Chem. : 115 -121.

  • Nugent, A.P. (2005): Health properties of resistant starches. Nutr. Bull. , 30 , 27–54.

    Nugent A.P. , 'Health properties of resistant starches ' (2005 ) 30 Nutr. Bull. : 27 -54.

  • Roberts, S.B. (2000): High-glycemic index foods, hunger and obesity: is there a connection? Nutr. Rev. , 58 , 163–169.

    Roberts S.B. , 'High-glycemic index foods, hunger and obesity: is there a connection? ' (2000 ) 58 Nutr. Rev. : 163 -169.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shamai, K., Shimoni, E. & Bianco-Peled, H. (2004): Small angle X-ray scattering of resistant starch type III. Biomacromolecules , 5 , 219–223.

    Bianco-Peled H. , 'Small angle X-ray scattering of resistant starch type III ' (2004 ) 5 Biomacromolecules : 219 -223.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Singh, J. & Singh, N. (2001): Studies on the morphological, thermal and rheological properties of starch separated from some Indian potato cultivars. Fd Chem. , 75 , 67–77.

    Singh N. , 'Studies on the morphological, thermal and rheological properties of starch separated from some Indian potato cultivars ' (2001 ) 75 Fd Chem. : 67 -77.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Themeier, H., Hollmann, J., Neese, U. & Lindhauer, M.G. (2005): Structural and morphological factors influencing the quantification of resistant starch II in starches of different botanical origin. Carbohydrate Polymers , 61 , 72–79.

    Lindhauer M.G. , 'Structural and morphological factors influencing the quantification of resistant starch II in starches of different botanical origin ' (2005 ) 61 Carbohydrate Polymers : 72 -79.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Thomson, DB. (2000): Strategies for the manufacture of resistant starch. Trends Fd Sci. Technol. , 11 , 245–253.

    Thomson D.B. , 'Strategies for the manufacture of resistant starch ' (2000 ) 11 Trends Fd Sci. Technol. : 245 -253.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tungland, B.C. & Meyer, D. (2002): Nondigestible oligo-and polysaccharides (dietary fiber): their physiology and role in human health and food. Compreh. Rev. Fd Sci. Fd Safety , 1 , 73–77.

    Meyer D. , 'Nondigestible oligo-and polysaccharides (dietary fiber): their physiology and role in human health and food. Compreh ' (2002 ) 1 Rev. Fd Sci. Fd Safety : 73 -77.

    • Search Google Scholar

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jan 2021 12 0 0
Feb 2021 6 0 0
Mar 2021 7 0 0
Apr 2021 9 0 0
May 2021 8 0 0
Jun 2021 9 0 0
Jul 2021 0 0 0