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  • 1 Facoltà di Agraria, Università di Udine Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti via Marangoni 97 33100 Udine Italia
  • | 2 Università degli Studi di Milano Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Veterinarie per la Sicurezza degli Alimenti, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria via Celoria 10 20100 Milano Italia
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B. cereus and B. thuringiensis strains have been associated with gastro-intestinal infections due to enterotoxins production. The possibility of differentiating between B. cereus and B. thuringiensis is a real need in preventing intoxication and in monitoring potentially contaminated foods. The use of DNA comparison provides clearer results than classical microbiological methods in distinguishing B. cereus from B. thuringiensis . The use of a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) followed by Endonuclease Restriction (RE) made the distinction possible in spite of the huge similarity between the two closely related species.

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