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  • 1 University of Kaposvár Laboratory of Animal Product Qualification, Faculty of Animal Science H-7400 Kaposvár Guba S. u. 40. Hungary
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Lard is a preferred frying fat in the Hungarian culinary routine. Our study aimed at measuring conventional fat quality indices and performing NIR-based calibrations of those indices, during prolonged heating. Lard was heated for 4 days at 8 different temperatures (160, 170, 175, 180, 185, 190, 200 and 230 °C) for 8 h a day (n=32+1, i.e. the original sample). Acid value (AV) and carbonyl value (CON) increased in parallel with the duration of heating and heating intensity. Peroxide value (PV) increased in the first 8 h, and decreased back during further treatment. p -Anisidine value (pAV) increased at each heating temperature below 200 °C, while temperatures above 200 °C decreased it. NIR analysis (NIRSystems 6500) was performed on original samples in transflectance mode (400–2500 nm wavelength range, 0.1 mm layer thickness, aluminium-plated reflector). Treatment characteristics (temperature, heat-sum, sampling event) could be estimated effectively. Calibration for AV was robust: R 2 =0.927; 1-VR=0.786. Weak relationship was found for PV (R 2 =0.48) and CON (R 2 =0.109). For pAV, good calibration was gained, expressly below 200 °C, in the 2000–2500 nm wavelength interval (R 2 =0.912; 1-VR=0.772). Based on calibration and cross-validation results, NIR technique may be a rapid, solvent-free alternative for the estimation of acid value and p -anisidine value of lard below 200 °C.

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: András Salgó

Co-ordinating Editor(s) Marianna Tóth-Markus

Co-editor(s): A. Halász

       Editorial Board

  • L. Abrankó (Szent István University, Gödöllő, Hungary)
  • D. Bánáti (University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary)
  • J. Baranyi (Institute of Food Research, Norwich, UK)
  • I. Bata-Vidács (Agro-Environmental Research Institute, National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre, Budapest, Hungary)
  • J. Beczner (Food Science Research Institute, National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Gy. Biró (National Institute for Food and Nutrition Science, Budapest, Hungary)
  • A. Blázovics (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • F. Capozzi (University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy)
  • M. Carcea (Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics Rome, Italy)
  • Zs. Cserhalmi (Food Science Research Institute, National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre, Budapest, Hungary)
  • M. Dalla Rosa (University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy)
  • I. Dalmadi (Szent István University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • K. Demnerova (University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Czech Republic)
  • Muying Du (Southwest University in Chongqing, Chongqing, China)
  • S. N. El (Ege University, Izmir, Turkey)
  • S. B. Engelsen (University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark)
  • E. Gelencsér (Food Science Research Institute, National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre, Budapest, Hungary)
  • V. M. Gómez-López (Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, Murcia, Spain)
  • J. Hardi (University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia)
  • N. Ilić (University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia)
  • D. Knorr (Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany)
  • H. Köksel (Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey)
  • K. Liburdi (Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy)
  • M. Lindhauer (Max Rubner Institute, Detmold, Germany)
  • M.-T. Liong (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)
  • M. Manley (Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa)
  • M. Mézes (Szent István University, Gödöllő, Hungary)
  • Á. Németh (Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Q. D. Nguyen (Szent István University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • L. Nyström (ETH Zürich, Switzerland)
  • V. Piironen (University of Helsinki, Finland)
  • A. Pino (University of Catania, Catania, Italy)
  • M. Rychtera (University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Czech Republic)
  • K. Scherf (Technical University, Munich, Germany)
  • R. Schönlechner (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria)
  • A. Sharma (Department of Atomic Energy, Delhi, India)
  • A. Szarka (Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary)
  • M. Szeitzné Szabó (National Food Chain Safety Office, Budapest, Hungary)
  • L. Varga (University of West Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary)
  • R. Venskutonis (Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania)
  • B. Wróblewska (Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Sciences Olsztyn, Poland)

 

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Acta Alimentaria
Language English
Size B5
Year of
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1972
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2021 Volume 50
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Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
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