The objective of the research was to obtain aerated gels by magnesium and iron(II) ion induced gelation of preheated whey protein isolate dispersions. Preliminary research allowed finding conditions of the pH, protein, and ion concentrations to produce aerated gels capable of holding air bubbles. A novel method applying gelation and aeration process simultaneously was used. Aeration using a laboratory mixer at 2000 r.p.m. produced stronger aerated gels than using a homogenizer at 8000 r.p.m. The gelation process was monitored using an ultrasound viscometer and a constant increase of dynamic viscosity was noted. A different aerated gel microstructure was observed for magnesium and iron(II) induced gels, which probably resulted in differences in the texture and viscosity, as well. The aeration process decreased hardness. In some cases texture parameters correlated with the viscosity measured using an ultrasound viscometer. Aerated whey protein gels could be applied as matrices for food applications or to controlled release of active ingredients.
Barbut, S. & Foegeding, E.A. (1993): Ca2+-induced gelation of pre-heated whey protein isolate. J. Fd Sci., 58, 867–871.
Foegeding E.A., 'Ca2+-induced gelation of pre-heated whey protein isolate' (1993) 58J. Fd Sci.: 867-871.
Foegeding E.A.Ca2+-induced gelation of pre-heated whey protein isolateJ. Fd Sci.199358867871)| false
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2021 Volume 50
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