In his discussion about the Biblical paraphrases written by the two
Apolinarii Socrates Scholasticus claims that the study of pagan literature is
necessary for the Christians. He starts by proving the harmlessness of studying
Greek philosophy and comes to the conclusion that far from being harmful it is
actually desirable, since familiarity with Greek philosophy (especially with
logic) enables the Christians to argue against the pagans more effectively.
Socrates, a lawyer from Constantinople is not averse to a little prevarication,
neither is he accurate when he is writing about the purpose and contents of
Julian's edict (362), which throws a bad light on the reliability of the church
historian. The fact that Socrates' argument for Greek paideia was timely at the
beginning of the fifth century proves the vitality of paganism and Greek
philosophy on the one hand, and the antipathy of certain groups of Christians
(especially monks) towards pagan culture on the other.