In the article the manuscript of the first Arabic prose work is being
investigated. The author comes to the conclusion that it was written originally
in Greek by somebody who was attached to one of the rhetoric schools in Syria.
The Greek work contains the alleged correspondence between Aristotle and
Alexander the Great. The Greek version of the novel in letters must be dated
back to the sixth century A.D., thus the work is one of the last documents of
the classical Greek literature. Through this novel one can get a better insight
into the activity of the schools of rhetoric in the late Antiquity and the
question of Pseudo-Aristotle's treatises.