Pontius Pilate is generally depicted as a very bad procurator. If we examine, however, the contemporary sources (Josephus, Philo of Alexandria and the Gospels), we shall discover that only one of them, the letter of Agrippa in Philo’s
Legatio ad Gaium
gives a really negative image of him. In my paper I try to show that this description of Pilate is an invective, directed not against Pilate, but against Caligula, therefore the image given of the Roman procurator is very far from being trustworthy. Having established this, we can presume that Pilate was a fairly good procurator, a true soldier, who was, however absolutely unable to understand and manage the religious sensibility of the Jews.