In this paper we present an analysis of the nature of early contacts between the Greeks and the ancient Near Eastern states (mainly the Neo-Assyrian Empire) in the 9th–7th centuries BC. In the first part, on the base of cuneiform sources we try to reconstruct the historical background of the western expansion of Assyria, in consequence of which the Levant came under the firm control of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, and the process of the eastern expansion of the Greeks as colonists, mercenaries or traders.In the second part of the article we discuss and emphasize the effect of the Assyrian imperial control on the trade of the Levant, namely the construction and functioning of the kāru-s, a system of ports of trade, whereto the Assyrians restricted the long-distance trading activity.
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Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
2020 Volume 60
Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
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